The dark ages and demonology
Death of Galen the 2 cen Greek who is regarded as last major physician of the classical era
marked the beginning of the dark ages for western European medicine and for the treatment and
investigation of ab beg
Categories of Schizophrenia in DSM-IV-TR
Disorganized schizophrenia: speech is disorganized and difficult for a listener to follow,
patients may speak incoherently, stringing together similar sounding words, and even
inventing new words often accompanied
Schizophrenia: a psychotic disorder characterized by major disturbances in thought,
emotion, and behaviour: disordered thinking in which ideas are not logically related, faulty
perception and attention, flat or inappropriate affect, and bizarre disturbanc
o Purposely induced seizures.
o Administered to patients with both schizophrenia and severe depression but is
restricted todays to profoundly depressed individuals.
o Today unilateral ECT is used and passed
Psychological Theories of Mood Disorders
Psychoanalytic Theory of Depression
Freud hypothesized after the loss of a loved one, we unconsciously harbour negative
feelings toward those we love, the mourner then becomes the object of his or her own hate
Psychological Theories of Bipolar Disorder
Life stress seems important in precipitating episodes.
The manic phase of the disorder is seen as a defence against a debilitating psychological
state. The apparently well-adjustment of manic people between epi
Schizophrenia and the Brain: Structure and Function
o Implies the loss of subcorticol brain cells.
o Correlated with impaired performance on neuropsychological tests, poor
adjustment prior to the onset of the disorder and poor respons
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
o CBT can facilitate motivation and engagement in social and vocational activities.
o CBT seems to be particularly effective at reducing negative symptoms.
o CBT help the patient develop a cognitive understanding of the psych
Delivery of psychotherapy
Evidence based treatment- treatments and interventions that have been shown to be effective according to
controlled experimental research (assertive community treatment, supportive employment and integrated
treatment for concurr
CURRENT ATTITUDES TOWARD PEOPLE WITH PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS
Social stigma surrounding depression is the primary reason why only one third of the estimated 3
million ppl in Canada who suffer from depression seek help
Over 50% of Canadian who suffer from
ASYLUMS IN CANADA
J.F Lehman wrote the 1 textbook published in Canada with a focus on care and control of
mentally ill ppl. He recommended stringent discipline and harsh treatments. His views failed
Pioneers from great Britain who influenced to desig
THE MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONS
Clinician- a health professional authorized to provide services to ppl suffering from one or more
Clinical psychologist- an indiv who has earned a Ph.D degree in psychology or a Psy.D and
whose training has incl
Mood disorders: involve disabling disturbances in emotion, from the sadness of
depression to the elation and irritability of mania.
o Often associated with other psychological problems such as panic attacks,
substance abuse, sexual dysfunction, and person