Our use of language is a behavior that is highly organized patterns of motor activity.
Communication is the most important social behavior. Language evolved through social
contact among our early ancestors. Speaking and writing are social behaviors. We le
Chapter 06 Learning (pg.226-267)
6.1 Classical Conditioning: Learning by Association
Learning a process by which behaviour or knowledge changes as a result of experience
Classical Conditioning learning that occurs when a neutral stimulus elicits a respons
Chapter 3 Biological Psychology
Genes: the basic units of heredity; genes are responsible for guiding the process of creating the
proteins that make up our physical structures and regulate development and physiological
processes throughout the lifespan.
Usually the scientific process begins with a theory: somebodys explanation meant to
explain things they have seen
Good theories lead to hypotheses: predictions that can be empirically tested in a way
that might prove them to be incorrect (i.e.,
Chapter 05 Consciousness (pg.180-223)
5.1 Biological Rhythms of Consciousness: Wakefulness and Sleep
Consciousness a persons subjective awareness, including thoughts, perceptions, experiences of the
world, and self-awareness
Circadian Rhythms internally d
Chapter 4: Science and Perception
4.1 Sensation and Perception at a Glance
Sensation the process of detecting external events by sense organs and turning those stimuli into
Perception- involves attending to, organizing, and interpreting sti
Psychology: the scientific study of behavior, thought, and experience, and how they can
be affected by physical, mental, social and environmental factors.
Scientific model: way of learning about the world through collecting observat
Biology of Behaviour
The Brain and Its Components
Contains 10 100 billion nerve cells and about as many helper cells (support and
PIERRE FLOURENS different areas of brain responsible for different BUT
many functions (e.g. memory)
THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD IN PSYCHOLOGY
goal of sci.ic psy. research discover the causes of behaviour
to do so we need to describe behaviours and events responsible for them ina language
easy enough to understand and general enough to app
THE DEVELOPMENT OF EVOLUTIONARY THEORY
biological evo. changes that take place in genetic and physical characteristics of
popn or group.
adaptive sign.ace the effectiveness of behaviour in aiding org.s to adjust to diff.
WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY?
A science with special focus on behaviour
Psy. Comes from 2 Greek words: psukhe (breath, soul) and logos (word, reason)
Modern meaning: psycho (mind) and logy (science) science of the mind
Chapter 07: Memory Systems (Pg. 270-310)
7.1 Memory Systems
Memory: collection of several systems that store information in different forms for differing amounts of
Stores retain information in memory without using it for any specific purpose