Treatment of Psychological Disorders
TREATMENT: GETTING HELP TO THOSE WHO NEED IT
annual financial burden of anxiety disorders in US: $42.3 billion, or $1,542 per sufferer, including costs of
treatment, diminished productivity, and absenteeism
PSYA02 Lecture 04: Early Development
The uniqueness of the human infant
Those in the animal kingdom quickly learn to begin to sustain themselves after birth
Walking soon, hunting, etc.
On the other hand, human infants are dependent on
PSYA02 Lecture 02: Measuring Intelligence
Studying Individual Differences
Nomothetic research is the psychological research geared towards understanding the
Some research focuses on why and how some humans differ from others focuses on
PSYA02 Lecture 03: Where Does Intelligence Come From?
Ravens Progressive Matrices
Measures intelligence without requiring verbal abilities
Get progressively harder
Some tests are on the extreme end in which only those with high IQs can solve
PSYA02 Lecture 05: Development: Cognitive Development
Piagets Theory of Cognitive Development
Did not perform formal experiments
Interested in the errors children made and their though processes
Believed children came up with schemas which are or
Chapter 9: Intelligence, Aptitude and Cognitive Abilities
Intelligent people are descirbed as brainy, wise, or sharp, while dim, slow,
and dense are less flattering descriptors meant to indicate less intelligence.
Intelligence is the ability to think, u
Chapter 10: Development
Developmental Psychology: Is the study of change and stability of human physical, cognitive, social and
behaviour characteristics across the life span.
Method of Measuring Development
Cross Sectional Design - used to measure and co
Ch 11 Motivation and Emotion
Motivation - Concerns the physiological and psychological processes underlying the initiation of
behaviour that direct organism towards specific goal.
motivation contributes to Homeostasis: The body's physiological processes t
1.What did Harlows studies with rhesus monkeys demonstrate?
Attachment is based on feeling secure and comforted
2. Michelle is 67 years old and recently retired. Michelles ability to learn new information and
solve new problem not based on prior knowledge
Chapter 9: Intelligence Testing
Intelligence and Perception: Galtons Anthropometric Approach 9.1
Systematic attempt to measure intelligence- Galton believed because people
learn about the world through their senses, those with superior sensory
PSYA02 Chapter 9 Notes
9.1 Measuring Intelligence
Its important to measure things properly
Intelligence has no objective standard to which we can compare our measures to see if its accurate
Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911): Believed that because peo
Lecture 4 Development: The Early Years
The uniqueness of the human infant
No other animal is born so helpless, so utterly dependent on its parents.
A lot of physical development occurs prior to birth, and it continues until long
Piaget (key character in cognitive development): Noticed how children were making errors when
given certain problems, but realized that those errors were made not due to lack of intelligence
but because they have not reached certain
Where Does Intelligence Come From
People tend to think that tests which do not associate verbal abilities (eg: Ravens progressive matrices),
tend to measure intelligence better because we are not culturally biasing them since its not set in a
The Social Animal
Social psychology Its less focus on how an individual works (or how the brain works), but its more on
how they interact with each other in the society.
Even if people try to become different, they end up forming groups with other people
Chapter 12 Personality
Personality - Is a characteristic pattern of thinking, interacting and reacting that is unique to each
individual, and remains relatively consistent over time and situation.
Some psychologist study personality by using an:
Chapter 14 Therapies
Treating Psychological Disorder
Psychotherapy - the process for resolving personal, emotional, behavioural and social problems so as to
13% of adults in the US received some sort of mental health treatment between
Time for a new change putting a stop to gang violence in Toronto.
Gang violence is somewhat like a tornado it engulfs many innocent victims in its wake. This
includes family of gang members, surrounding community members and many times innocent
Slingblade: A heart-touching tale
Slingblade, a heart-warmer indeed. This lesson teaching story about one man who sets out
to redeem himself from a tough and troubled past was truly a worthwhile watch. The powerful
storyline showed a variety of di
Professor Marcia Alberts
The Mentally Challenged: Can They Raise A Child?
As we all know everyone is distinct in their own way. Most of us are normal but what about
those who are not? What about those who are mentally chal
Upbringing a Child with the Mentally Challenged: Possible or Not?
In today's society, there are numerous indivduals who have been diagnosed with a
mental sickness, most commonly referred to as mental retardation. A
Psychology notes and definitions
Classical conditioning objects or situations become associated or linked with other kinds of
situations. Once association is made, similar objects and situations can cause the same
response that earli
Psychology Chapt. 9 Notes
Language: is a system for communicating with others using signals that are combined
according to rules of grammar and convey meaning.
Grammar: is a set of rules that specify how the units of language can be combined to
Psychology Chpt 11 notes
Developmental Stage: The study of continuity and change across the life span.
Zygote: A fertilized egg that contains chromosomes from both a sperm and an egg
Germinal Stage: The 2-week period of prenatal development that begins at
CHAPTER 14: Psychological Disorders
IDENTIFYING PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS: What Is Abnormal?
Medical Model - The conceptualization of psychological disorders as diseases that, like physical diseases, have
biological causes, defined symptoms, and possible cu
CHAPTER 16: Stress and Health
SOURCES OF STRESS: What Gets to You
Stressors - Specific events or chronic pressures that place demands on a person or threaten the persons wellbeing.
Stress - The physical and psychological response to inter
Chapt. 10 Notes
Intelligence: The ability to direct ones thinking adapt to ones circumstances, and learn from
Ratio IQ: A statistic obtained by dividing a persons mental age by the persons physical age
and then multiplying the quotient by