Brnsted-Lowry acid substance that can donate a proton (H+)
Brnsted-Lowry base substance that can accept a proton (H+)
The stronger base
wins the tug-of-war for
Chem 262 review
Electronic configuration of the elements
Elementary particles have both particle and wave properties
This can be described mathematically by means of a wave equation
For the hydrogen atom, the Schroedinger wave equation, is as follows.
Please read this module on your own.
This is review material from 1st year Chemistry
An intermolecular attractive force is any force that causes otherwise independent
atoms, molecules or ions to cluster together.
Functional Groups with a Carbon
A carboxyl group, must be at the beginning of a
carbon chain and contains the first carbon atom
A number is not needed in the name and the ending
for a carboxylic acid is -oic acid.
Why Does a Reaction Occur?
Remember from 1st year thermodynamics
G = H - TS
change in entropy of
the system or change
change in enthalpy of the
free energy surroundings or change in
change enthalpy (bond energy) of the
For a sp
Free Radical Reactions
Free Radical any atoms or groups of atoms that has one or more unpaired electrons. They
usually has do not have a positive or negative charge, but are highly reactive and short lived
homolytic bond cleavage of
Chemistry of Alcohols
Alcohols may be weakly basic as well as being acidic: molecules that can be both
acidic and basic are called amphoteric (Review)
Alcohols may be weakly basic as well as being acidic: molecules that
can be both acidic and basic are called amphoteric