3.3 COMPOUND INTEREST FACTORS FOR DISCRETE COMPOUNDING
Effective interest rate
i e = 1+
Growth adjusted interest rate
Effective annual interest rate
Nominal rate per year
Number of periods in a year
1. A single
Caroline Baillie: Creativity and Optimal Tension's Zone
Millions of books that talk about creativity blocks.
Internal blocks- fear of failure/risk taking, dont want to look stupid, tend to build up from child
External blocks-workplace culture
Distinctiveness, consensus, consistency
Extroverted (E) or Introverted (I)
Sensing (S) or Intuitive (I)
Thinking (T) or Feeling (F)
Perceiving (P) or Judging (J)
Extraversion, agreeableness, openness to e
What is organizational behavior about?
What is organizational behavior:
Organizational behavior is a field of study that investigates the impacts of individuals, groups and
organizational structure on behavior within organizations. The aim is to apply suc
Module 3: Values, Attitudes and their Effects
Values: Concepts or beliefs that guide how we make decisions about and evaluate behaviours and
events. Important cause they influence attitudes and behavior.
Terminal values: a hierarchy based on ranking of an
Three-Stage Climate-Related Strategy Development Plan
1. Develop a Climate Strategy
o Assess emissions profile
o Estimate risks and opportunities
o Evaluate action options
o Set goals and targets
2. Focused Inward
o Develop financial mechanisms
Climate: long-term average weather
Organizational Behavior: OB is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals,
groups and structure have on behavior within an organization and the environment in which is
Module 4: Motivating Self and Others
Motivation: The intensity, direction and persistence of effort a person show in reaching a goal.
Theory X (Externalist, assumes employee dislikes work and must be coerced, controlled, or threatened
with punishment if t
Module 2: Perception, Personality, Emotions,
Perception: Process by which people organize and interpret impressions in order to give meaning to their
environment. Its important because peoples behavior is based on their perception of what
Module 5: Work in Teams
Group: 2 or more people with a common relationship.
Team: A small number of people who work together for a common goal and are accountable for one
Team development (5 stages)
MODULE 8: Leadership
What is the difference between manager and leader?
Manager promotes stability, leader support change.
Are there specific traits, behaviours, and situations that affect how one leads?
Mixed. Contingency theories suggest leaders must ad
Managers vs. Leaders
Day-to-day caretaker, allocates resources
Maintains standard job behavior
Administers when and how of standard practice
Relies on control strategies for subordinates
Six steps in rational decision making
Define the problem
Identify the criteria
Allocate weights to the criteria
Choose best alternatives
Bounded rationality Limitations on a persons ab
Richness Amount of social cues
Barriers of Effective Communication
Filtering Manipulating information so the receiver will view it better
Selective Perception Receivers select hear based on their needs/characteristics
Defensiveness when individu
Terminal Value Goals that individuals would like to achieve during their lifetime
o Comfortable exciting life, equality, happiness
Instrumental Values Preferable ways of behaving
o Ambition, capable, courageous, open-minded.
Artifacts Aspects of an organizations culture that you can see, hear, and feel
Change Agents People who are responsible for managing change
Lewins three-step model for implementing change
Unfreezing Change efforts to overcome the pressures of b
Two Types of Employees
Theory X Dislike work, convinced, coerced, extrinsically motivated
Theory Y Like work, create, seek responsibility, intrinsically motivated
Maslows Hierarchy of Needs Theory Within every human being there exists a hierarch
5 Building Blocks of OB
Explains the ways we judge people depending on behavior.
In determining whether behavior is internally or e
Types of power
Coercive Power Power based on fear, avoiding conflict
Reward Power Advantageous to trade favours, vacations, office promotions, etc.
Legitimate Power Person A has the legit right to expect person B to obey directions
Stages of Group Development Stages are not linear, conflict is a good thing
begin to think
as part of the
C HAPTER 2.S UPPLY AND DEMAND
C HAPTER 3.E MPIRICAL METHODS
C HAPTER 10
P RICING WITH
C HAPTER 11.
O LIGOPOLY AND MONOPOLISTIC
In this chapter, we consider a market structure where there
are only a few firms so that each firm considers other firms
reaction in its decision making process. We also examine the
industry with many f
C HAPTER 5
C HAPTER 15.
A SYMMETRIC INFORMATION
C HAPTER 16.
G OVERNMENT AND BUSINESS
Government intervenes in markets and managers should
appropriately respond to a range of government policies. With
negative externalities, market provides too much production.
For public goods, market provides too lit
C HAPTER 13.
DYNAMIC GAME : S TRATEGIES
Following the static game in chapter 12, we now consider
the dynamic game in which a game is repeated or the
move is sequential. The equilibrium in the dynamic game
can be different from the static game eq
C HAPTER 12.
G AME THEORY