EVOLUTION AND GENETICS COME TOGETHER
A. QUESTIONS ABOUT DARWINISM, circa 1900-1910
There was some early scientific resistance to Darwinism.
1. Would not new variants be swamped and disappear before natural
selection could act?
Blending inheritance suggest
PHILOSOPHY, BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE
IN THE ANCIENT WORLD
A. THE NATURAL PERIOD OF GREEK PHILOSOPHY
Science was an invention of the
1. The achievement of the Greek philosophers: they invented purely
Many places and cities outsid
Egyptian physician and scientist
May be the source of the Asclepiad deity (deitifying of him)
May have written surgical texts
Edwin Smith Papyrus (1600bc.)
Oldest medical treatise (document)
48 case studies
may go back to Imhotep
BIOLOGY 400 History of Biology
Questions, Set 1
These questions do not constitute a comprehensive review of the course so far;
they are intended only to give you an idea of the kind of questions to expect.
The answers are on the last page.
With which o
Fall over the Roman Empire - at its height extended all around the Mediterranean. As Rome broke up it turned into a number of
separate kingdoms. Mainly the western kingdom turned into a lot of kingdoms.
This made people's views intensely local and rural.
THE EARLY DAYS OF MICROSCOPY
A. EARLY MENTIONS OF LENSES
Only need to see a drop of water to see that magnification exists
Aristophanes His play Clouds (424 BC) uses a burning lens (convex, and
thus capable of magnification) as a plot device.
This was wh
Golden Age of Islamic Science
- encouraged the development of experimental science
- Development of Islamic Science motivations:
- islamic expansion, ancient learning, opens to other cultures
- Muhammed and Quran encouraged expansion of science and educat
A. THE DISCIPLINES OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE AND HISTORY
1. Biology is the study of living things.
Biology, where does the term come from? French naturalist named Lamarck in 1802. The term reflects a greater unification of
the strands of the stud
BIOLOGY AND THE EMERGING PHYSICAL SCIENCES
A. ALCHEMY AGAIN
importance of alchemy to chemistry
Provided techniques, materials, and concepts that were fundamental to the development of chemistry.
deficiencies of alchemy as a science
A. IDEAS ABOUT INHERITANCE IN HISTORY
1. Ancient ideas
Idea that hereditary particles were passed to children from the sex organs
Aristotle form + potentiality = actuality
Bible experiences of the mother during pregnancy af
THE ROOTS OF BIOLOGY
Check out the cave of
A. BIOLOGY AMONG HUNTER-GATHERER PEOPLES
1. Hunter-gatherer peoples needed a working knowledge of animal biology:
the habits of animals (for example, seasonal migrations, behaviour when
THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION AND THE HUMAN BODY
A. BACKGROUND OF THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION
1. Greek and Islamic science had been assimilated by European scholars,
but the Scholastics were literary scientists who did little direct study of
nature. This change
DESCRIBING AND ARRANGING ORGANISMS
A. BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION
1. Important tasks of biological classification
compiling an inventory of diversity
providing a scientific name to each species and grouping
Common names are useful but are not universally ac
EVOLUTION BEFORE DARWIN
A. WHAT IS EVOLUTION?
1. Evolution is heritable change in a population or species over
generational time, and the divergence of lineages from a common source.
Includes change and branching
2. Evolution involves the following.
A. DARWINS ACHIEVEMENTS
1. He made a convincing case for the reality of evolutionary change. It was
not the first case, but it was the first case to be widely accepted among
Wasn't the first good case but was the accepted one. Even his
- division of the church with the reformation of 1517
- church more divided
- less influence on science
the democratization of literacy and the scientific mind
cheap to read and become literate