How many sexes are there?:
Can be very complicated.
There are variations that are not just male or female, these are true hermaphrodites and
they have both male and female organs.
Male pseudohermaphrodites, and female
Female Sexual Anatomy and Physiology
Mons- fleshy pad that provides protection from trauma, its sensitive and responsive
Labia- meaning lips; the majora and minora; provide cushioning it is a very sensitive area
Clitoris- has similar tissues a
Disease and Sex
STD, aids, and decisions:
History and incidence of STDs and HIV
We used to believe that people got STDs because the Gods willed it because that
person was doing bad things
When Penicillin came around, we started to understand germs, wa
Culture and Sexuality
We tend to think our culture is the norm.
We have things that are acceptable, things that are unacceptable.
These have come from our family, our culture, our region
You will see contextual variability; we see this when people
Communicating sexual feelings
Communicating about sex
The communication process
there is a sender and receiver- how the sender sends the message and how the receiver
The words we use
reflect the norms about that time
if you were pregna
Issues with Sex
Sexual consent, coercion, rape, and abuse:
Its a world-wide problem; young boys and girls from poor families are being taken and
used as slaves
Traveling overseas to have sex with a minor is illegal and you can be prose
Pregnancy and gift of life
103 per 1000 women age 15-44 are pregnant (its a typo on the slides)
Both pregnancy and abortion are decreasing
Sperm will hang out for 5 days, you are likely to get pregnant if you ovulate during
Range of Sexual Desires
The Dual Control Model:
People have excitatory and inhibitory processes; both play a role in your sexual behavior.
But these dont explain what the targets are (interests, excitement, and arousal)
Excitatory declines in both gen
Central Arousal system- involves the brain; because of internal stimulants (like thoughts,
Peripheral arousal system- involves spinal reflexes; because of external stimulants (from senses,
like sensations from genitals.)
What are standards for sex?
Labeling sex: establishing standards
Self- gratification or self-pleasuring- is the new words for masturbation
Deviation- anything but missionary position; but we have come a long way since then
Paraphilia- outside of the
Biopsychological drive/ instinct theory- instinct to reproduce.
Freud- all children are born with a sexual urge. It centers in genitalia after puberty.
Starts at the oral stage when you are born. Like sucking and putting things
Interpretations of Gender
Differences and similarities:
We dont know how much is genetically structured or how much is built for the society
Look at table 5.3 in the slides
Transsexuals have a sex that does not correlate with their gender identity. Re
Male Sexual Anatomy and Physiology:
primarily a disease of younger men.
Early detection and treatment is key to survival.
You only need one testy to produce sperm and testosterone
Fills with blood
Adult Sexuality and Relationships
Sexual behaviors and risks during the transition:
Its divided into groups by age.
18-26 year old age group
We know a lot about college students. They are the most studied group because
college classes are the easies
Media and Sex
Sex, Art, The Media, and The Law:
Pornography- is intended to be sexually arousing
Embedded Sexual Media- there is sex in the movie, but that is not the purpose of the movie- there
is also a plot, etc.
Erotica- is mostly