Acts of Speech
Act sequence= the actual sequence of events in a speech act
Awareness= in rich point analysis, the recognition that diff. expectations have cause a
rich point to occur.
Communicative competence= the ability to speak a language well/use it c
How to use language
Using language: culture ethnicity, gender, status and style
Hear how intended meanings as well as outright ones and how to use the right words in
the right ways at the right moments
Indirection- making a request without asking it direc
Creating words and sentences
The analysis of words and how they are structured.
The smallest unit of meaning in a language
Ex. Helperhelp and er.
Difference btw words and morphemes is that a word can include one of more morpheme.
Categorization system= the way a language categorizes items.
Cognitive anthropology= an anthropological approach in which vocabulary is analyzed to
learn about systems of meaning and perception.
Componential analysis= a method for re
The 6 Cs of Language Use
A. Clarity makes speeches understandable
A.1. Jargon the technical language specific to a certain profession
A.2. Doublespeak words evade the responsibility of talking about the
important meanings in a situation or
Message in Communication Theory
Definition for communication studies (textbook)
Definition for communication theory (textbook)
Attempts to understand how messages are exchanged and meaning is negotiated between
2 or more people
Symbols (textbook and class
Speaking without talking
To be fully fluent in another speech community, you also need to know its system of nonverbal communication. People in every speech community use gestures, postures, facial
expressions, and other kinds of nonverbal communication t
Speaking and Listening
Developing your Voice
A. Pitch the placement of your voice on the musical scale
A.1. Habitual pitch the level at which we speak most frequently
A.2. Optimum pitch the level that allows us to produce our strongest
voice with minim
Acoustic phonetics = the branch of phonetics that studies the physical properties of
sounds and the nature of the sound waves that they produce.
Affricate= the combination of a stop followed by a fricative.
Allophone= a variant form of a phoneme
Affix = a morpheme that attaches to a base (to form new words)
Allomorph= a variant form of a morpheme
Base= a morpheme to which an affix can be attached (can be either root or stem and
serves as a foundation for building other words)