Achievement Goal Theory
Presumes that an individual functions in a goal-directed manner.
Beliefs rooted in achievement goals direct an individual to make decisions and behave in
response to specific milieus
Two goal orientations
Self-Determination Theory (SDT)
Key Ideas of the SDT
Like the self-efficacy theory this theory was designed to better explain affective,
cognitive, and behavioral responses within an achievement domain.
People seek challenges to satisfy three basic psycho
How to Make and Stick to Goals
2 Behavioral Approaches
Objective is to teach people behavioral skills to help initiate and maintain an exercise
Recognize cues and opportunities for physical activity
Develop strategies to maintain PA levels
Campaigns of Exercise
Within phys activity interventions there is a slide of comm. Wide campaignlist
examples of what a comm. Wide campaign is and tell what it is
Examples of Community Wide Campaigns:
Health risk appraisals
Body image 4 different dimensions- know what 4 are and definition of each
How we imagine ourselves to look
How we think about or evaluate our body in terms of its appearance and
3.) Affective (emotional
Self esteem and Stress
Stress can either be positive or negativedefinitions of eustress(positive stressor)
Definition of self concept and self esteem with regards to body dissatisfaction and
bmiknow level for men and women
Suggests an explanation for how people learn new behaviors
Principles of B. F. Skinner's Stimulus-Response Theory are classical conditioning and
Also known as operant learning
Classical conditioning/ pavl
This model says behavior change is not a quick process. It proposes you progress through
a series of stages.
Intentions to start within the next six months
Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) and Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) Feburary
Theory of Reasoned Action
Also based off the social-cognitive approach
Different from self-efficacy theory in its predictive intent.
TRA was originally designed to predict
Theory of Planned Behavior
things added to theory of reasoned action.
control belief: how much control someone believe they have over the task and this leads
to perceived control. Can be positive or negative
the last three on the right are what is really
Theories and Models
Your Introduction to Theories
Whats a theory?
Explains why a behavior or a Phenomenon occurs
Whats a model?
Whats the difference between the two?
A model is just a visual representation of a theory. Models do not stand alone.
A model d