Athletic Trainers and Conditioning
What us an Athletic Trainer?
Allied care health professionals
o Prevention and wellness
o Emergency care
o Treatment and rehab
o Organization and admin
For athletes and people that are physi
Soft Tissue and Joint Injuries
Soft Tissue Wounds
o Skin has 2 layers
Black and blue
Spine and Head Injuries
Spinal Chord Injuries
Loss of motor and/or sensory function at one or more nerve root levels
Mechanism of an injury is key
Stabilize head and neck
DO NOT MOVE VICTIM
Concussion Signs and Sy
SPLINTS & AMBULITORY AIDS
Buddy Tape (Finger)
Chooses the proper size tape for the injury
Splints joint above and below the injury site
Chooses correct finger as a splinting device
Rigid Splint (Vacuum Air Splint)
Checks circulation/pulse initially
Must be safe, durable, tested, fit correctly, etc
International Organization for Standardization
American National Standards Institute
US Consumer Products Safety Commission
Muscle and Bone Injuries
Strains muscle unite stretched beyond normal ROM
3. Complete Rupture
Muscle unit: group formed by muscles and tendons
Achilles Tendon Rupture
Quadriceps Strain will have a li
- Evaporation and Heat Loss
o Sweat Glands water to skin
o Evaporation allows us to cool
o Sweating does NOT cause heat loss
o Evaporation must occur to dissipate heat
o If air is filled with water, body loses
Joint and Neuro Injuries
o Articular cartilage
o Hyaline cartilage
o Meniscus tear
o Injuries have 4 classifications
Liability- legally responsible for harm to one another
Tort- legal wrong, a wrong for that can be proved legally
o Intentional- assault, batter, wrongful, death, fraud, etc.
o Negligence- product liability, reckless, driving, medical, parenti
1) Skin wounds
a) Skin: 2 layers
Increased tension on the area
Prevent: clean dry sock, inside out socks, and heel lace pads.
Depends on size and amount of debilitati
Human beings can control 2 things and 2 things only:
2 major classifications of coaches:
Transitional Coach- use players as tools to meet their personal needs such as
status, money, glory, validation, and identity
The Dos and Donts of Coaching
Coach from a Textbook- Shows you dont know what you are
Keep copious rules for behavior- (Many, abundant) Players cant
remember a list of many rules.
Break rules without knowing.
Jim Harrick UCLA coach
Teaching Styles and Motivation
Command style: (most common) coach makes all the decisions, athlete is to obey
Practice style: give athletes a little bit of atomic
1 EX: practice shooting for 5 minutes with partner kids decide where to
go on t
Tubula Rasa means a blank slate
How People Learn
Benjamin Bloom- When we learn information, we learn it on 3 levels.
1. Cognitive Level- Your memory, reasoning skills
2. Affective Level- Your emotions, feelings. (MOST IMPORTANT beca
Coaching in the Modern Athletic World
Stats of current kids in high school:
When a child enters adolescence mortality rate doubles
26% of adolescents have an STD
21% of adolescents have mental health problems their diagnosed
17% of adolescents are ob
There are 13 categories of difficult people and how to deal with them :
Doom and Gloom- Love to be negative and spread fear and depression.
When they start talking, interrupt them. Get away from them.
CYA- carry your ass
Injury Care and Emergency Procedures
- Emergencyan unexpected event; injuries that require immediate medical
- Time is a critical factor
o 4-6 minutes: brain damage possible
o 6-10 minutes: brain damage likely
o Over 10 minutes:
Make sure you communicate with the parents.
#1 reason kids start sports is because their friends are doing it and winning was #10
Each year, about 50 Million children participate in youth sports for the first time.
o Half of those quite befo
How you respond when something threatens you.
Body and mind changes with stress.
o Called the Stress Response.
Stress happens for good and bad.
o Bad= Distress
o Good= Eustress
General Adaption Syndrome (GAS)
o How the body reacts to good or bad.
Philosophies and Stages of Coaching
Philosophies of Coaching: (Both are needed to be a successful coach)
Surprise and Change- Try to trick your opponent (Gimmick plays)
Late 1980s to mid 1990s, University of Alabama basketball won
5 SEC basketball tou
Mental and Emotional Health
99% of mental health problems co-occur because of stress like schizophrenia,
depression, etc. EXCEPT sociopath EX: batman shooter
1. Athletes will lose confidence in you quickly.
2. Athletes will be stressed and wont reach pote
Breakdown and Classification
Easier to see similarities and differences among motor skills
Better understanding of skills associated with various professions
Basis for general conclusions about how humans perform and learn skills
One dimension s
Concept- a variety of abilities underlie motor skill learning and performance success
People have individual differences when performing motor skills
Definition- depends on which field you come from
Psychology- individual diffe
Measurement of Motor Performance- critical to understanding motor learning
Essential for :
Performance assessment and evaluation
Motor learning and control research
Determine which aspects of performances you should measure to make
Dynamic Motor Patterns
Alternative Theory of Motor Control- Dynamic Pattern (systems) theory
Views the process of human motor control as a complex system that behaves like any
complex biological or physical system
Began to influence views about motor cont
Definitions of Important Motor Terms
Coordination- body and limb movement patterns and objects/events in the environment
Patterns of movement- refers how the different aspects of the body relate to one another
at a specific point in time
Not limited to sk
Motor Skills and Development
Motor skills can be classified into general categories
Provides you with basis for establishing generalizations or principles about how we learn
Enables you to develop theories about skill performance and learning
Which is NOT true of the specificity of motor abilities hypothesis?
There is one general motor ability within an individual
Motor ability is defined as:
An ability that is specifically related to the performance of a motor skill
Which is a true sta
Motor Skill is defined as:
Requires Voluntary body and/or limb movements
Which is NOT a characteristic that is common to motor skills?
Which is NOT a reason to consider movements separate from skills and actions?
Performance Outcome measures: Spatial (distance) or Temporal (time)
Absolute Error (AE)
Index of performance accuracy
Magnitude of error, not specific
AE = performance - criterion (positive value only)
Constant Error (CE)
Index of performance bias- tells