ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PROTECTION
At the end of the topic, the students should be able to:
identify areas of Environmental Health Protection
assess government policy, legislation and laws on environmental health protection
The firms demand curve is horizontal at the equilibrium price. Its
demand curve is its marginal revenue curve. The firm produces that
quantity of output at which MR = MC.
Profit is maximized by producing the quantity of output at which MR
A perfectly competitive firm produces in the short run as long as price is
above average variable cost
P AVC Firm produces
A perfectly competitive firm shuts down in the short run if price is less than
average variable cost
P < AVC Fi
An industry in which average total costs do not change as (industry) output
increases or decreases when firms enter or exit the industry, respectively.
An industry in which average total costs increase as output increases and
A theory of market structure based on three assumptions:
There is one seller
It sells a product for which no close substitutes exist
There are extremely high barriers to entry
Economies of scale Exist when inputs are increased by some pe
A monopoly seller is not guaranteed any profits. Here, price is at
above average total cost at Q1, the quantity of output at which MR =
Therefore, TR (the area 0P1BQ1) is greater than TC (the area
0CAQ1), and profits equal the area
When the seller charges different prices for the product it sells and
the price differences do not reflect cost differences.
Perfect Price Discrimination - seller charges the highest price each
consumer would be willing to pay for the p
A public good is a good characterized by non-rivalry in consumption.
A public good can be excludable or non-excludable.
Excludable public goods are goods that while non-rivalrous in
consumption can be denied to people if they do not pay
The Coase theorem holds that in the case of trivial or zero transaction
costs, the property rights assignment does not matter to the resource
To put it differently, a property rights assignment will be undone if it
Some pollution is likely to be a better situation than no pollution. The
reason is that people derive utility from things that cause pollution, such
There is more than one way to tackle environmental problems. E.g. setting
An externality is a side effect of an action that affects the well-being of
There are two types of externalities: negative and positive.
A negative externality exists when an individuals or groups actions cause
a cost (adv
Because of a negative externality, marginal social costs (MSC) are greater
than marginal private costs (MPC)
The market output is greater than the socially optimal output.
The market is said to fail in that it overproduces the good.
Asymmetric information exists when either the buyer or the seller in a
market exchange has some information that the other does not have.
Outcomes based on asymmetric information may be different from
outcomes based on symmetric informati
Initially, the seller has some information that the buyer does not have;
there is asymmetric information.
As a result, D1 represents the demand for the good and Q1 is the
Then, the buyer acquires the information tha
After a non-excludable public good is produced, the individual or firm that
produced it wouldnt be able to collect payment for it. When a non-excludable
public good is provided to one person, it is provided to everyone. Because an
There are both excludable and non-excludable public goods.
A good is excludable if it is possible, or not prohibitively costly, to exclude
someone from receiving the benefits of the good after it has been
A good is non-excludabl
A theory of market structure based on four assumptions:
(1) There are many sellers and many buyers, none of which is large in relation
to total sales or purchases.
(2) Each firm produces and sells a homogeneous product.
(3) Buyers and sel
Law of Diminishing Marginal Returns - As ever-larger amounts of a
variable input are combined with fixed inputs, eventually, the marginal
physical product of the variable input will decline.
Average Fixed Cost (AFC) - Total fixed cost d
ANS OF HISTORICAL DRAMAS WILL LIKELY FIND ENOUGH REASON TO ENJOY THE MONUMENTS MEN
BUT THE MOVIE WASTES A POWERFUL SOURCE MATERIAL STORY.
Based on a true story, The Monuments Men follows a team of art experts and museum directors, led by
Frank Stokes (Geo
Island in Malay, Aklan, Philippines
Hill in Carmen, Bohol, Philippines
Banaue Rice Terraces
Nueva Vizcaya - Ifugao - Mountain Province Rd, Banaue, Ifugao
Siargao del Norte
Puerto Princesa Subterranean River Nati
POLITICAL BEHAVIOR IN THE ORGANIZATION
There must be a political system in the organization to help us
understand organizations. The political metaphor helps us understand
power relationships in day-to-day organizational relationships. If we
accept that p
Exercise 2: Create Your Resume
Trisha B. Laderas
828 Sisa St. Sampaloc Manila
09302549431; [email protected]
Recent accounting graduate looking for a position in accounting and finance where I can utilize
my skills, put my learning into
REGION I - ILOCOS
ILOCOS NORTE-Laoag City
ILOCOS SUR- Vigan City
LA UNION- San Fernando City
REGION II - CAGAYAN VALLEY
CAGAYAN - Tuguegarao City
ISABELA - Ilagan
NUEVA VIZCAYA - Bayombon
Program Debugging and Testing
Prepared by: Trisha B. Laderas
Program Debugging and Testing
The program debugging and testing phase of the PDLC involves testing the program to
ensure is it correct and works as intended. It starts with debuggingt
Many readers of this column will know of the movie "The Monuments Men." It received a huge buildup through previews and advertising, and also through personal appearances. (I saw John
Goodman do an interview for "Morning Joe.") It is about a group of fine
Handa ba tayo sa federalismong gobyerno?
Federalism - Editorial 42
Lingid sa kaalaman ng marami ay nagkaroon ng resolusyon ang mga mambabatas ng kongreso
na magpulong sa bisa ng Senate Joint Resolution No. 10 na layong baguhin ang saligang
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
the Great Pyramid at Giza, Egypt.
the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
the Statue of Zeus at Olympia,
the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus.
the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus.
the Colossus of Rhodes.
Hypothyroidism, also called underactive thyroid disease, is a common disorder.
Withhypothyroidism, your thyroid gland does not make enoughthyroid hormone.
The thyroid gland is located in the front lower part of your neck. Hormones released by the gland
Regions, Provinces and Capitals
REGION I - ILOCOS
Capital - Santa Cruz
Capital - Laoag City
Capital - Lucena City
Capital - Vigan City
Capital - Antipolo City
Capital - San Fernando City
Kunci Jawaban Soal Prediksi
TAHUN PELAJARAN 2012/2013
Disusun Sesuai Indikator Kisi-Kisi UN 2013
Distributed by :
Soal Prediksi UN Geografi SMA 2013
Soal bisa didownload di alamat berikut:
Taxes and Subsidies
Assigning Property Rights
Combining Assigning Property Rights and Voluntary Agreements
Government may miscalculate external costs and impose a tax that moves
the supply curve