A Local Ecosystem
1. The Distribution, Diversity and numbers of Plants and Animals found in
Ecosystems are determined by Biotic and Abiotic Factors.
Compare the Abiotic Characteristics of Aquatic and Terrestrial
Identify some Adaptations of living things to factors in their
The three main abiotic factors that affect survival in Australian ecosystems
are: water, temperature and sunlight. Harsh conditions in which Australian
organisms have adapted to
Life on Earth
1. Analysis of the oldest Sedimentary rocks provides evidence for the origin
Identify the Relationship between the conditions on early Earth and
the origin of Organic Molecules.
The Age of the Earth
The age of the earth is 4.5 bill
Patterns In Nature
1. Organisms are made of cells that have similar Structural
Outline the Historical Development of the Cell Theory, in particular,
the contributions of Robert Hooke and Robert Brown.
The statement 'All living things are
2. Membranes around cells provide separation from and links with the
Identify the major groups of substances found in living cells
and their uses in cell activities.
The chemical substances found in cells fit into two main groups: o
Identify examples of Allelopathy, Paraitism, Mutualism and
Commensalism in an Ecosystem and the Role of Organisms in each
type of relationship.
Allelopathy is the production of specific biomolecules by one plant which
can be beneficial or det
Identify Cell organelles seen with current light and electron
Light microscope- light microscope can be used when looking at the general
contents of cells.
Electron microscope- electron microscope can be used when looking at
more detailed in
Identify the Factors determining the Distribution and Abundance of
a Species in each Environment
When an ecosystem is unoccupied, new organisms colonise it and rely
on environmental conditions.
These environmental conditions are abiotic factors.
INTRODUCTORY PRACTICAL/ LABORATORY NOTES
INTRODUCTORY PRACTICAL 1 - SKILLS
Know conversion of units.
FOV = Field of View for photographs and Specimens.
Printed Image = Photograph or Drawing
R = measured length or field of view of microscope specimen.
BIOLOGY STUDY NOTES
CHAPTER 1: THE SCIENCE OF BIOLOGY
1.1 THE SCIENCE OF LIFE
Biology unifies much of natural science
Living systems are complex because of the utilisation of the sun as an energy source.
Life defies simple definition
The science of life
1. Open the link to the Gram-Stain Bacteria Lab
2. Write down the steps as you complete them in the practice run. Dont forget the times.
3. Fill in the below information as you move through the lab. (you do not need to answer the
Assignment Cover Sheet
School of Science and Health
Unit name and number:
Practical day and time:
Title of assignment:
Lichen distribution and Foc
Hussein OsseiliBiodiversityDr. Tony Haigh
PART 1: LICHENS
Lichen is an linked organism, meaning that is a being consisting of more
than one being, in specific it is the relationship between alga and f
Lichen is an linked organism, meaning that is a being consisting of more than one being, in
specific it is the relationship between alga and fungus that form the lichen. Both living
together in capable and co-operative association producing t