Elizabeth C. Stone
Hours: TTh 11-5, W 2-5, F10-12
TA: James Herrera
Hours: M 9-12
Science and Technology in Ancient Society
The final is worth 35% of your grade! It is worth more, therefore it will be more. So you will have
two essays, and 20 technologies. Read your syllabus and you will find details on the final. To
summarize, half the test will focus on the last third of the
Ten of these technologies will be on the exam. To obtain full points you need to tells us where the
technology was to be found (some are in all complex societies, some not), what it is and, most
important, what is its significance. What
Study Guide 3
Some of the items listed below will appear on the exam. You should be able to say what
the thing is, where you would find it, when it was important, and, most important, its
significancewhat its impact was on the broader society.
Why: Maybe for carefully shaping of edges of cores for further flake
But not very convincing.
Influence: if possible, a trend of more complex and dedicated skill
in making tools, pass to Acheulean
Developed Oldowan industry
City walls: Happens almost the time of the king appears.
The city wall is most likely because of the appearance of
king and warfare. When war begin, building city walls
can protect the city as well as an achievement of the
king. And the city becomes more
Farmer, workers of ancient ?describe craft men gate friend of kufu
Kufu biggest 13 acres 6.5 million tons 7 city block
In 30 years 2million block 40 story high 3min per rock 2.5 ton per rock
Experiment how to build:
Task: 3 week to move 189 rock
Wheel: used in transpotation(war as well), irrigation, agriculture,
craft production(pottery for example), moving big rocks. It is push
force in the civilization revolution.
PlowUse the plow and animal energy to cultivate. Allows us to
break in the ne lan
Cities: first appear in Mesopotamia,erech in about
3500BC maybe because of the need to manage surplus
products and record the exchange. size no more than a
diameter, population less than one million. Writing
&pottery wheeling appears at the same time peri
Oldowan: appear around 2.3 million years ago,the oldest stone tools human
has ever found. Was first discovered in Africa, Tanzania. It was the earliest
stone tools industry in lower Paleolithic, and characterized by simple core
Significance: The fi
The plow is the earliest usage of wheel which speed up
cultivation and let people have more time contentrate on other
skills like metallurgy.
Then the wheel were used in fast potters wheel which help
people create potteries in better qualities and faster.
The climate change in Europe is that as ice age past, the sea level increased. Many lands was
drowned by water and new land emerged with new kinds of plants. Grassland become woods.
Temperature rises and become more stable. Fish source inc