The Mass in B minor (BWV 232) is a musical setting of the complete Latin Mass by Johann
Sebastian Bach. The work was one of Bach's last, not completed until 1749, the year before his
death in 1750. Much of the Mass consisted of music that Bach had compose
Main musical Portions of the Ordinary
Kyrie eleison (Lord, have mercy)
Credo (I believe ; statement of faith)
Sanctus (Holy, Holy, Holy)
Agnus Dei (Lamb of God)
The Sanctus was composed in 1724
The Kyrie and Gloria were composed in 1733
SCENE I. Elsinore. A platform before the castle.
FRANCISCO at his post. Enter to him BERNARDO
Nay, answer me: stand, and unfold yourself.
Long live the king!
SCENE I. A room in POLONIUS' house.
Enter POLONIUS and REYNALDO
Give him this money and these notes, Reynaldo.
I will, my lord.
You shall do marvellous wisely, good Reynaldo,
Before you visit him, to make inquir
SCENE I. A room in the castle.
Enter KING CLAUDIUS, QUEEN GERTRUDE, ROSENCRANTZ, and GUILDENSTERN
There's matter in these sighs, these profound heaves:
You must translate: 'tis fit we understand them.
Where is your son?
SCENE I. A churchyard.
Enter two Clowns, with spades, & c
Is she to be buried in Christian burial that
wilfully seeks her own salvation?
I tell thee she is: and therefore make her grave
straight: the crowner hath sat on her,
-stage comes off the back wall, with the gallery open for performance
-at the balcony level, there is another stage area
Hired men, boys
Later comedies are romantic (the tempest
SCENE I. A room in the castle.
Enter KING CLAUDIUS, QUEEN GERTRUDE, POLONIUS, OPHELIA, ROSENCRANTZ, and
And can you, by no drift of circumstance,
Get from him why he puts on this confusion,
Grating so harshly all his day
Montezuma the emperor of the Aztec empire (1503-1520)
Cortes (1485-1547) Spain; Conquered Mexico and Peru.
-was in prison for 3 years
-Diabetes was the main disease
Conquistador- were people at the service of Spanish Empire, or at the serv
1. Giovanni da Verrazzano (1485-1528)
Like Columbus, seeked a route to Cathay but actually recognized it to be land on
a new continent.
From Lyons, France.
Made his first trip from Florence in the service of the French king.
1524- w/ 50 men he sailed
AMR 102 Jan 30th
Is it true this is a land never visited before? No the Vikings came before
Myth: every white person arriving ended in fighting
Instead there was a great delight Native Americans smile and wave at the explorers
Difference between naked
The Black Robe - Plot
Set in 1634, the film begins in the tiny French settlement that will one day become Quebec City. Jesuit missionaries
are trying to encourage the local Algonquin Indians to embrace Christianity, with thus far only limited resu
-Significance in drinking wine
-Achilles welcomes men w/ a toast (hospitable)
-Goes into the diplomatic mission
-Peleus (his Oikos still exists for Achilles, referred to by Agamemnon)
-Agamemnon offers Briseis, plus one of his own daugh
Opens with a violent quarrel btwn Agamemnon (King of Agros, commander of
expedition against Troy) and Achilles (son of Peleus, bravest/aggressive fighter from
Dispute begins when Agamemnon is forced to give up his share of the raid spo
What is Europe? Europe as a constructed cultural term
It is difficult to define Europe in a simple geographical, economical, political, religious,
linguistic or other cultural framework.
Europe changed in the 20th century with the fall of the
Ancient Greek History
1. Dark ages (c1100-776BC)
2. Archaic Age (776 -480 BC)
3. Classical Age (480-338 BC)
4. Hellenistic Age (338 BC-)
2 types of Heroes:
Achilles most straightforward example of an ancient g
Samuel De Champlain
Served in France under King Henry IV. Then for 3 years commanded a Spanish fleet into
the New World, visiting West Indies, Mexico and Panama.
1603 Accompanied a fur trading expedition to New France.
1608 Settled in Quebec.
John Smith (1580-1631)
Author of the first book written in English on the North American continent; champion of
Smith drew maps that made the country look familiar and inhabitable with descriptions of
the climate, agricultural possibilitie
William Bradford (1590-1657)
Description of hazardous voyage of the Mayflower
Details of the negotiations leading to the Mayflower compact
Story of the first thanksgiving w/ the Wampanoags
Along with the Scrooby group, he decided to sail for the New W
Olaudah Equiano (1745-1797)
England was the 1st to accept slaves to America (1833 abolished)
Gustavus Vassa the African
First published in 1789, London.
Equianos travels as an antislavery speaker in England undoubtedly added to the books
Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins (1844 1891)
Descendent and sister of Paiute chiefs, born in Nevada.
Paiutes resided in a hostile climate, designated as digger Indians
From an early age she was fluent in English
-acted as an intermediary between her tribe and
Tonic <-> Dominant
1st theme - Tonic
Counter theme Tonic (Donic ?)
Eur 101 3.29.12
Symphony dedicated on part of Bonaparte (in Latin)
1804 year before everything changes; Napoleon declares himself Emperor
- symphony created
- began in spirit of enlightenment and French Revolution
Written about Bonaparte (in German; the V
1453 Fall of Constantinople
1517 Reformation (Reformation Day Oct 31st)
Martin Luther (1483 1546)
1545-63 Council of Trent
Bernini, Gian Lorenzo (1598-1680)
Well rounded artist painter, sculptor, stage design,
1865; end of civil war; beginning of KKK
1848 French revolution
- german revolution
Where were the bodies found?
Most immigrants were Irish women. They came alone, employed as maids, nannys. Established
Dutch (Anglo-Saxon) De