1368-1644: Population of Ming China doubles.
1492: Spanish expedition led by Genoan Christopher Columbus sailed from Granada, Spain, and
reached Hispaniola in the Caribbean on October 12.
1500: The Portuguese reach Brazil. (Settlement doesnt
Cities: Asuncion, Lima, Buenos Aires, Rio de Janeiro, Brasilia, Santiago,
Bogota, Caracas, Quito, Montevideo.
Rivers: Amazon, Rio de la Plata (Uruguay and Parana River estuary).
Other Geographic Features: Lake Titicaca, Andes
Countries: Canada, United States, Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El
Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican
Republic, Puerto Rico, Bahamas, Grenada.
Provinces: British Columbia (Western Canada), Alberta
HIS 281: East Asia Geography Requirements
Countries: Russia, China, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, Japan, Taiwan.
Cities: Beijing, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Ulan Bator, Pyongyang, Seoul,
Tokyo, Taipei, Vladivostok, Lhasa.
Rivers: Chang Jiang (Y
Southwest Asia Geography Assignment
Countries: Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen,
Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait.
UN "non-member observer state": Palestine.
Territories: Gaza, West Bank.
Geography Requirements: Russia and the Former Soviet Republics
Countries: Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia,
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan.
Cities: St. Petersburg, Mo
I. Is North up?
Whether it is right to have North at the top, or any other map
convention, depends upon:
1. The perspective of the map viewer; and
2. The purpose of the map.
II. All maps must distort/exclude.
A. Projections: How to represent
Map Requirement #1: Basic Cartography
Be able to locate the following [* stands for degrees]:
- Prime Meridian
- Tropic of Cancer (23*N)
- Tropic of Capricorn (23*S)
- Arctic Circle (66*N)
- Antarctic Circle (66*S)
-North Temperate Zone
13,750,000,000 years converted to 13 years:
13 years ago: origin of universe.
-Energy and matter interchangeable.
-Contracting forces: Nuclear, electromagnetic, gravity.
12 years ago: Galaxies, planetary systems form.
4.5 years ago: Our solar system (incl
c. 12,000 y.a. (or c. 10,000 BCE): Holocene Era begins, marking the end of the last glacial
period, roughly coinciding with the Neolithic Revolution.
c. 10,000-9,000 BCE: Cultivation and domestication of food and animals (agriculture)
c. 1200-1350: Mongol empire (nomadic) briefly unites much of Eurasia. [24 seconds ago on our 13 year
history of the universe clock.]
c. 1230-1600: Mali Kingdom in West Africa.
1300s: Expansion of cotton industries in northern Italy and southe
Chronology 12: Total War and International Law
June 1914: The heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire and his wife were assassinated by Gavrilo
Princip, a Serbian student dedicated to the cause of national self-determination for all
Yugoslavs (South Slavs).
1600: Global population estimated at about 550 million.
1625: Hugo Grotius, On the Law of War and Peace.
1651: Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan.
1689: John Locke, Two Treatises of Government.
1694: Mary Astell, A Serious Proposal to the Ladies.
c. 13,750,000,000 years ago (y.a.): Origin of the Universe. At nanosecond 1,
universe is smaller than an atom; at nanosecond 2, it is larger than a galaxy. Due to
extreme heat, energy and matter are interchangeable. Sometime before a
Chronology 7: Accelerated Transit and Communication
1832: Michael Faraday conducted experiments in electromagnetism and the generation of
electricity through a dynamo.
1844: Samuel Morse used electricity to transmit a code through a wire from Baltimore to
Chronology 9: Global Capitalism and Culture, c. 1850-1914: East and South Asia.
1842: The first Opium War. British iron-clad, steam powered war ships shell Canton Harbor. In
defeat, the Qing Empire was forced to open five of its ports to British trade, to
Anthropocene. A geologic era accepted by a majority of scientists to designate the present time. Its
origin is usually designated as the mid to late 18 th century, when carbon-fueled industrialization gave
humans the power to exert a dominant i
1. As the Indians did not know the remedy of the diseasethey died in heaps, like bedbugs. In
many places it happened that everyone in a house died and, as it was impossible to bury the great
number of dead, they pulled down the houses over them so that th
Africa: Geography Requirements
Countries: (33 required out of 55-but why not learn all of them?)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the
Congo, Republic of the
In 1987, global human population reached 5 billion. The electronic information
revolution (internet) begins.
In 2011, global human population reached 7 billion. (2014 population just under
Shortcut for grappling with the size
Cartography and the Earth
I. Cartographic Basics.
A. Geographic location is determined by a set of imaginary lines
circumnavigating the Earth.
1. Lines running north and south are called lines of longitude (or
meridians). They are measured from the Prime