a. Slavery as good for white people
a.i. The insecurity and brutality of Northern industrial capitalism vs.
The gentleness of slavery
b. Slavery as vital to white freedom
b.i. It is more humane than the factory system in Massachuset
i. The Second Great Awakening (1790s-1830s) revival
meetings in the woods, mass conversions, talking in tongues, (rejects
trappings of elitism, preaching in the woods) power of god u can
ii. Evangelical religion and republican
a. Utopian communities: Shakers, Oneidans Mormons
a.i. People decided to break off from the real world and create a small
reform group to have an alternate society
Many were socialist, communists, abolish sex,
or they have interest
A Fallen World
Why so popular?
a.i.2.a. Needs of the frontier
a.i.2.a.i. They were desperate for religious instruction
because they didnt have churches
a.i.2.b. Boredom with established churches
a.i.2.b.i. Churches were dull so many
a. The Birth of the Republic of Texas
a.i. 1820s: Mexico encourages American settlement
Texans, slavery, and independence
1821, Mexican Revolution against Spanish.
They are free, but they are short on money. They want
The Inauguration of Andrew Jackson (1828): a republican party
- Successful general in battle of 1812
- Looses in 1824
- Considers himself the man of the people
- Average people insist on attending inaugural party, white house
became a party scene. (Farm
a.i. The National Republicans and infrastructure improvements
The War made people see how bad
transportation was and they pushed to build roads, canals,
and so on.
National Republicans were a group of people
who believed the government h
a. The Alien and Sedition Act of 1798
a.i. Act of 1798: immigrants brought in wild/crazy revolutionary ideas
so they limited the amount of Immigrants that could come into
a.ii. Sedition: its illegal to criticize government
a. Constitution is the compromise
a.i. Federalists get to tax, two congressional houses, electoral college
a.ii. Antifederalist get the freedom of speech, religion
Hamiltons Federalist Vision (He was well educated, wealthy, elitist, urban).
I. Do-over: Drafting a new Constitution
a. Rewrite or throw away Articles? Federalits say toss them
b. The Constitutional Convention (1787)
b.i. Big states vs. little states, and the Connecticut compromise
Big states wanted more representation, lit
I. The Constitution as Compromise
a. The Constitution myth: 1776, Founding Fathers had the peoples best
interest at heart and they met together and they made it so easily.
Everyone agreed and everyone trusted them and there was no opposition.
a. Marbury v. Madison i. Who: William Marbury and James Madison ii. When: 1803 iii. Where: District of Columbia iv. What: William Marbury was an Adams midnight appointment and
commissioned Justice of the Peace in the District of Columbia, but it had not b