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Atrocity, P unishment, a nd I nternational Law
eye. T he institutions i mplementing i nternational criminal law are the p roduct
o f c onsiderable effort, relentless persistence, and great inspiration. Thes~ insti
tutions would not ha
INTL 4780: Justice and Reconciliation in Post-Conflict Societies
Fall 2013; TR 12:30-1:45; MLC 247
Instructor: Dr. Stacey Mitchell ([email protected])
Office Hours: by appointment only
Office: Candler 322
Welcome to INTL 4780: Justice and Reconciliation in
Kenneth Roth and Alison DesForges
Genocide in Indonesia part II
Reasons for suharto's occupation
Worried about the communist threat there/to fight a potential communist threat
Initially, Suharto was not behind the occupation because he didnt want to piss off western
Genocide in Indonesia
Genocide of the PKI (communist party in Indonesia). This particular genocide is widely
It was domestic and total. The intent of the government was to eliminate the communists as a
whole, but on the other hand they didn't hav
Origin of term: international concern about crime of genocide, or why we started to care
Term coined by Raphael lemkin.
Geno- people or group
Not to say that genocide had never happened before, The crime did exist before WWII
UN genocide convention
Passed by the UN general assembly on December 9 1948
Definition of genocide contained in article II:
Hi the present convention, genocide means any of the following a gs committed with intent to destroy,
in whole or in part, a nation
Problems with alternative definitions
2. Genocide as a two sided crime?
3. The uniqueness issue
4. The voluntary vs involuntary issue
Chalk and jonassohn's definitions
Genocide is a form of one sided mass killing in which a state or ot
What it is: a set of values and beliefs, how people view a people group (example: the Jews),
these beliefs become effected by events.
Assumptions of cognitive model: these beliefs lead to and influence your behavior. The Jews
Melson: revolution and genocide
1: the Armenian genocide and the holocaust are different form other cases of genocide
2. The causes of both genocides stemmed from concrete structural factors that were internal
and external to the countri
Genocide of the Hereros
Applicability of gold havens theory? Culture of destruction in the German society, attempts to
identify genetic differences and prove aryan superiority. Goldhagens theory is that
there is something defective in German culture that
Genocide in the Ukraine
Type of genocide
Domestic or foreign? It was an odd mix of both. Ukraine had never really been on their own.
But they had to have some level of autonomy because Russia felt that it was
worthwhile to kill their political elite.
Group targeted (ethnic and political): Mayans and indiginous people of Guatemala, overlap
into a political group of the leftist communist faction.
Policy of total war: everything is allowed, destroy the opposition in a long term manner
Genocide Midterm study guide
What factors explain the urgency of making genocide a crime under international law? Know the
factors that historically contributed to genocide denial (or why genocide wasnt an
internationally recognized crime prior to WWII).