CHAPTER 15: DEATH, LOSS, AND BEREAVEMENT The impact of Loss & Bereavement What losses occur in families? o Losing job, house, pets, divorce, remarriage
What does it alter? o The structure of our family What kind of stress does it represent? o Horizontal
1. Cultural Context
c. Status within country (illegal or not)
d. Gender social construction
a. Integrating from one culture to another
b. Assimilation full enveloped by the new culture
c. How does th
We didnt have very many notes today. At the beginning of class we just practiced
drawing family models, but here are the notes that we did have!
Issues in SES and Class
o Socioeconomic Status continuous and moves on a continuum; many
Why do you define family the way you do?
Have you changed your definition over time?
Death, location, conflict, awareness
In the Article,
Marriage- switch because my wife and I
Physical bond- genes and flesh and blood
How to be Successful in this Course
Being aware and present in what I am doing
What does it mean for this course?
Only here for 50 minutes, so BE here for 50 minutes
What is my goal?
To easily understand this material and be successful i
Rules established in family
First order tasks
Second order tasks
Stress can either be good or bad, but puts pressure on a family
Can either adapt or maint
How do you spend your time, money, and energy?
Managing Family Emotional Climate
Authority vs. Domination
Authority is legitimate power
How does this influence cohesion
2.58 people per household
Trend of living apart from mother or father both increasing
Multigenerational family structures
o Grandmother-mother conflict
Subsystem interaction and spillover
Parent-child and caregiver c
Poor self concept
is the adolescent in control?
What is Love?
Emotional response from intimacyit is rewarding
o What do we want it from?
Sex differences in Mate Preferences: Moving Beyond Attraction
o Base on evolution
Social Exchange and Filtering the Pool of Eligibles
o Maximize rewards and minimize costs = outcome
Goal of interdependence
Occurs with trust and commitment
Individuation Issues in FOO
If families want to control the proces
o Deciding vs. sliding
Making a conscious decision to live together (high SES) versus
ending up living together out of necessity (low SES)
Sliding is less likely to work long term
Maintenance Tasks in New Marriages
o Housekeeping: shared tasks = commitment
Resources and power: the more you have, the higher status task
Gender and ability
o Goal = find a shared strategy for intimacy
o How do mainte
Communication and Intimacy
The effects of Communication: Emmers-Sommer
o Busy world requires balance
Is quantity or quality more important?
o Quality communication = positive, intimate, in control
o Undergrad sample
o Chose one
Continued notes about the structural model
1. Structural Model
a. Only shows you a snap in time
b. Doesnt show
How patterns and strategies become established
How the abnormal becomes normal
2. Bowens Model
Models of Family Functioning
1. Goals: To understand family processes and intergenerational dynamics
2. Environment Context
a. Who are you?
b. If different, why?
Hierarchies structural model visually shows hierarchies
3. Structural Model
o Highly responsive
o Little control
o Responsive (not intrusive)
o Exert control cooperatively
High psychological control
o Strict punishment
CHAPTER 16: DIVORCE Divorce
What is it?-legal termination of a marriage o It is a PROCESS National rate of divorce overall o First marriages-50% o Second & Third-67% and 73% The likelihood increases with increasing numbers of marriages Rate by length of
CHAPTER 17: THE SINGLE-PARENT HOUSEHOLD Single-Parent Household Prevalence o 9% are single-parent households 84% with mothers 1 out of 2 children below age 18 will experience single-parent household Has it changed?
Remained pretty stable o Racial dif
CHAPTER 18: REMARRIAGE AND STEPPARENTING The Facts Rates
o Approximately half of all marriages in the US are estimated to be remarriages for one or both
partners Almost 2/3 of these individuals have children from a previous relationship, thus forming step
CHAPTER 6 The Transition from Adolescence to Adulthood What issues arise when family systems encounter developmental transitions? The Tasks of Adolescence Tasks o Develop an identity o Autonomy o Trust o Mature into adult roles o Commit to adult responsib
CHAPTER 7: Mate Selection Selecting a lifetime companion (?) Transitioning Task What happens if you delay a lifetime choice? Is this decision accepted? o Depends on tolerance of individuation-high vs. low Theories Attachment o Family of Origin to Adulthoo
CHAP 8: TRANSITION TO MARRIAGE Postmodern view
Traditional to Voluntary (Individualized)
o What is marriage?
Book: a specific family subsystem comprised of adults from two different families of origin who have bonded together to form what they intend to
CHAP 9: Communication & Intimacy Communication What is it?-A symbolic, transactional process that involves creating and sharing meanings through consistent patterns of interaction o A system Private message system: system of rules for communication within
CHAP 11: Families with Young Children the transition to parenthood Pathway to Parenthood o Changing Context of Parenthood Different values for success, independence, excitement can be disruptive to parenting because they interfere with parenting responsib
CHAPTER 12: Parent-Child Relationship System Two important elements of parenting Responsiveness: parental warmth or support o What do parents promote?
autonomy, individuation Being in tune with their child's needs and demands
CHAPTER 13: Family Tasks during Middle Adulthood Family Tasks What is middle adulthood for parents? o Mid-40s to mid-60s What are the tasks for children of parents in middle adulthood? o Complete developmental tasks of adolescence and early adulthood Gain
CHAPTER 14: The Family in Later Life Societal Changes Life Expectancy Much longer now-increases slightly every year o Positives Multigenerational opportunities to demonstrate interdependence Establishment/continuation of family legacy o Negatives Same thi