1. Did Madison achieve this goal of building a national society that would prevent
majority factions from tyrannizing local minorities>?
Pluralism Federalist paper 10
2. What are institutions, what do they do, why do we have them
Institutions: It is an or
Political Science Unit 2 Notes:
-The Presidency as Paradox
-the last nine presidents left office under better than worse conditions
-yet, many aspire to the office, and the president is perceived to be all-powerful
The Budget of the United States
Budget: a document that announces how much the government will collect in taxes
and spend in revenues and how those expenditures will be allocated among various
What is the beginn
Methods of Amendment
An amendment can be proposed by Congress, and it
must be a 2/3 vote in both houses (Senate and House of
An amendment may be proposed by a national
convention called by Congre
Church and State
Discussion of Civil Liberties
The First Amendment prohibits Congress or the federal government from establishing a
national church or religion.
Congress shall make no law respecting an
Difference between civil liberties and civil rights
A civil liberty is a protection from a governmental action which restricts
rights guaranteed by the Constitution.
A civil right is a privilege of citizenship guaranteed by gov
Protection against unlawful search and seizure:
"The right of the people to be secure in their homes and in their
papers and belongings, against unreasonable searches and seizures,
shall not be violated.
A warrant for the search must be
Civil Liberties are personal freedoms that the federal government cannot abridge, either by
law or judicial interpretation.
civil liberties and civil rights
A civil liberty is a protection from
and Campaign Financing
1974 Campaign Finance Reform
1972: Watergate and illegal donations from corporations, unions, and individuals catalyzed
Brought about the 1974 federal campaign reform law and th
American Government Test 2 Review
1. 3/4 vote of legislatures: Method of amendment used most often.
2/3 vote of congress: Method of amendment used only once.
2. 27: Number of amendments
3. Chief subject of the Civil War amendments: Slavery
American Government Final Exam Study Guide
1. Filibuster: A formal way of halting Senate action on a bill by means of long speeches or unlimited
Cloture: Mechanism requiring 60 senators to vote to cut off debate.
Filibusters are occasiona
POLS 1101: Test 1 Study Guide
The Study of American Government
1. Politics: The study of who gets what, when, and how; how policy decisions are made.
The exercise of rightful power (authority) is made easier when there is an orderly process for