HIST 4880 NOTES pt 1
Section 1-> America Before 1500: Origins and Chiefdoms
8/20: America in 1492-The Culture Areas, Diversity, and Similarity
1) How many people were there in 1492?
2) What were the major culture areas?
3) What are some c
HIST 4880 NOTES pt 9
1. Ohio Valley
Feds play lead roll from beginning
not yet organized into states
US concluded several fraudulent treaties throughout 1780s
demanded huge chunks of land
1786 Treaty of Ft. Finney
HIST 4880 NOTES pt 8
Expansion by Conquest 10/21
Battles for the Ohio and the Southeast 1783-1795
1. Iron Fisted Treaties of 1780s
1. The US considered all Native Americans to be conquered peoples,
regardless of alliance during the Revolutionary War
HIST 4880 NOTES pt 7
Situated at the intersection of French, English, and Spanish settlements
1755- Creeks establish trade alliance with French Louisiana
Want lower prices in deerskin trade from English
English agree; demand 2 th
HIST 4880 NOTES pt 6
The French and Indian War 10/10
England and France are constantly at War
Colonial Trade Wars
The French and Indian War was a disaster for Native Americans
Playoff diplomacy no longer an option
Native Americans want to protect their pe
HIST 4880 NOTES pt 5
9/4 The Chiefdom of Apalachee
1. In what ways does the Apalachee chiefdom adhere to the four character defining
features of Mississippian society?
2. In what ways does it differ?
HIST 4880 NOTES pt 4
8/24 Mississippian Religion: The Southeastern Ceremonial Complex
Where did the SECC come from?
How did the SECC shape Mississippian views of gender?
How did the SECC shape Mississippian views of politics a
HIST 4880 NOTES pt 3
Platform Mound Centers
City planning is far more elaborate
Due to food surpluses and political hierarchy
Mounds in conjunction with central plaza
Surrounded by modest homes
HIST 4880 NOTES pt 2
8/22: The Mound-builders
1) Where did they come from?
2) What were mound-building societies like?
a. Adena->100 BCE
Earliest known moundbuilding culture
a.ii. Focused in Ohio River Valle
HIST 4880 NOTES pt 10
Jeffersonian Indian Policy 10/23
Expansion by conquest not working
Need new policy
Made Americans uncomfortable:
1) Full-scale military conquest is expensive
Denying founding rights to others
Deeply committed to t