Chapter 8 Terms:
A system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy.
A change in position within the social hierarchy (may be upward or downward).
Social stratification based on ascript
1) Acts of violence undermines stability because in a society, where more and more acts of violence
occurs, the stability can teeter to a point in which that society descends into a huge state of
chaos. Functionalists might say that if violence increases
Chapter 6 Terms:
What is deviance?
Modes of action that so not conform to the norms and values accepted by a significant number of
people in society. Any act that violates a norm.
What are the three perameters to recognize crime?
Time, Place, and public c
Chapter 1 Terms:
Comparative study of various aspects of past and present cultures
Theoretical perspective that focuses on those forces in society that promote competition and change
Negative consequences an e
Chapter 4 Terms:
processes of socialization in which a person "rehearses" for future positions, occupations, and social
Cognitive Theory of Development
the theory that children's thought progresses through four st
Chapter 3 Terms:
totality of learned, socially transmitted customs, knowledge, material and behaviors. It includes the
ideas,values and artifcatcts( ex. DVD, comic books, birth control devices, etc)
farily large numbe
Chapter 2 Terms:
The ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material objects that together form a people's way of
People who interact in a defined territory and share a culture.
Personal disorientation when exper
Chapter 5 Terms:
the ways in which people respond to one another
the way in which a society is organized into predictable relationships
a term used by sociologists to refer to any of the full range of socially de
Chapter 7 Terms:
behavior, belief, condition that violates social norms in the society or group in which it occurs
Crimes committed by a person in top positions in business have a _
economic cost, especially for tax payers, than street crime. (gr
Chapter 10 Terms:
a group of people who share physical characteristics, such as skin color and facial features, that are
passed on through reproduction.
a set of people who identify with a common national origin or cultural heritage that
Chapter 9 Terms:
The ranking of individuals or categories of people on the basis of unequal access to scarce resources
and social rewards.
The Unequal sharing of social rewards and resources.
Chapter One People
Father of sociology August Comte
Durkheim studied suicide suicide linked to social cohesiveness
Karl Marx focused on working class
C. Wright Mills Looked beneath everyday events to see inequities occurring in society