Chapter 18: The Cardiovascular System: The Heart
The heart- a muscular double pump with two circuits:
o Pulmonary circuit- takes blood to and from the lungs
o Systemic circuit- vessels transport blood to and from body tissues
Exam Three Study Guide
(White: Form 1)
1.) What is the typical phenotype ratio observed in the F2 individuals in a dihybird cross?
2.) A family has some members that are afflicted with a genetic disorder known to be caused by a
recessive deleterious a
Exam Two Study Guide
(White: Form 1)
1.) What is the final electron receptor in aerobic cellular respiration?
2.) Glycolysis occurs in the _ and the citric acid cycle occurs in the _.
3.) What are the products of aerobic cel
Exam One Study Guide
(White: Form 1)
1.) Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of all living things?
They have a brain
2.) Which of the following is a description of how Fungi obtain energy?
They absorb dead organic material
3.) What are the thre
Exam 4 Study Guide
Foodborne Illness is from viral and bacterial contamination, causes diarrhea, and
usually comes from the home.
o Cross-contamination is when food comes into contact with other foods.
Occurs at processing plants, grocery check
Gastric lipase helps digest fat in the stomach and is activated by an acidic
Small intestine is the primary site of fat digestion. Bile acid emulsifies
digested fat and pancreatic lipase is stimulated.
Digestion of phospholipids = enz
Nutrition is the science of food, how they work with our body to
balance between health and disease, and the body processes that
utilize nutrients in absorption, transporting, using them, and then
excreting the unused nutrients.
September 22, 2014
Cell Molec Biol Hw #2
1. A peptide has the following sequence: - YWDCKFHGS. Base on the peptide sequence,
answer the following questions. (1 + 1 pt)
a. Which aromatic hydrophobic amino acid/s is/are present in t
Chapter 26 - The Tree of Life: An
Introduction to Biological Diversity
Chapter 26 The Tree of Life:
An Introduction to Biological Diversity
Overview: Changing Life on a Changing Earth
Life is a continuum extending from the earliest organis
Chapter 25 - Phylogeny and Systematics
Chapter 25 Phylogeny and Systematics
Overview: Investigating the Tree of Life
Evolutionary biology is about both process and history.
The processes of evolution are natural selection and other mecha
Chapter 41 - Animal Nutrition
Chapter 41 Animal Nutrition
Overview: The Need to Feed
All animals eat other organismsdead or alive, whole or by the piece (including
In general, animals fit into one of three dietary categories.
Chapter 40 - Basic Principles of Animal
Form and Function
Chapter 40 Basic Principles of Animal Form and Function
Overview: Diverse Forms, Common Challenges
Animals inhabit almost every part of the biosphere.
Despite their great divers
Chapter 39 - Plant Responses to Internal and
Chapter 39 Plant Responses to Internal and External Signals
Overview: Stimuli and a Stationary Life
At every stage in the life of a plant, sensitivity to the environment and coo
Chapter 38 - Angiosperm Reproduction and
Chapter 38 Angiosperm Reproduction and Biotechnology
Overview: To Seed or Not to Seed
Sexual reproduction is not the sole means by which flowering plants reproduce.
Many species can al
Chapter 37 - Plant Nutrition
Chapter 37 Plant Nutrition
Outline: A Nutritional Network
Every organism is an open system linked to its environment by a continuous exchange of
energy and materials.
In ecosystems, plants and other photosynt
Chapter 36 - Transport in Vascular Plants
Chapter 36 Transport in Vascular Plants
Overview: Pathways for Survival
The algal ancestors of plants obtained water, minerals and CO2 from the water in which
they were completely immersed.
Chapter 34 - Vertebrates
Chapter 34 Vertebrates
Overview: Half a Billion Years of Backbones
Vertebrates are named for vertebrae, the series of bones that make up the vertebral
column or backbone.
There are about 52,000 species of vertebrat
Chapter 33 - Invertebrates
Chapter 33 Invertebrates
Overview: Life Without a Backbone
Invertebratesanimals without a backboneaccount for 95% of known animal species
and all but one of the roughly 35 animal phyla that have been described.
Chapter 32 - An Introduction to Animal
Chapter 32 An Introduction to Animal Diversity
Overview: Welcome to Your Kingdom
Biologists have identified 1.3 million living species of animals.
Estimates of the total number of animal spe
Chapter 31 - Fungi
Chapter 31 Fungi
Overview: Mighty Mushrooms
The honey mushroom Armillaria ostoyae in Malheur National Park in eastern Oregon is
Its subterranean mycelium covers 890 hectares, weighs hundreds of tons, and has
Chapter 30 - Plant Diversity II: The
Evolution of Seed Plants
Chapter 30 Plant Diversity II: The Evolution of Seed Plants
Overview: Feeding the World
The seed arose about 360 million years ago.
Seed plants, including gymnosperms and angi
Chapter 29 - Plant Diversity I: How Plants
Chapter 29 Plant Diversity I: How Plants Colonized Land
Overview: The Greening of Earth
For the first 3 billion years of Earths history, the land was lifeless.
Thin coatings of cyan
Chapter 28 - Protists
Chapter 28 Protists
Overview: A World in a Drop of Water
In the past, taxonomists classified all protists in a single kingdom, Protista.
However, it is now clear that Protista is in fact paraphyletic.
Some protists ar
Chapter 27 - Prokaryotes
Chapter 27 Prokaryotes
Overview: Theyre (Almost) Everywhere!
Prokaryotes were the earliest organisms on Earth.
Today, they still dominate the biosphere.
Their collective biomass outweighs all eukaryotes combined
Chapter 24 - The Origin of Species
Chapter 24 The Origin of Species
Overview: That Mystery of Mysteries
Darwin visited the Galpagos Islands and found them filled with plants and animals that
lived nowhere else in the world.
He realized t
Chapter 23 - The Evolution of Populations
Chapter 23 The Evolution of Populations
Overview: The Smallest Unit of Evolution
One common misconception about evolution is that organisms evolve, in a Darwinian
sense, during their lifetimes.
Chapter 22 - Descent with Modification:
Darwinian View of Life
Chapter 22 Descent with Modification: Darwinian View of Life
Overview: Darwin Introduces a Revolutionary Theory
On November 24, 1859, Charles Darwin published On the Origin of
Chapter 21 - The Genetic Basis of
Chapter 21 The Genetic Basis of Development
Overview: From Single Cell to Multicellular Organism
The application of genetic analysis and DNA technology to the study of development has
Chapter 20 - DNA Technology and Genomics
Chapter 20 DNA Technology and Genomics
Overview: Understanding and Manipulating Genomes
One of the great achievements of modern science has been the sequencing of the human
genome, which was largely
Chapter 19 - Eukaryotic Genomes
Chapter 19 Eukaryotic Genomes
Overview: How Eukaryotic Genomes Work and Evolve
Two features of eukaryotic genomes present a major information-processing challenge.
First, the typical multicellular eukaryot