Notes on Isomers
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but different connectivity.
Compounds that have the same molecular formula and connectivity, but different spatial
Notes on Types of Functional Groups
An atom or group of atoms that imparts characteristic chemical properties to an organic
Compound of carbon and hydrogen containing only carbon-carbon single bonds.
Compound of ca
Notes on Activation Energy and Acyl Metals
The energy required to surmount the energy barrier separating reactants and products.
A carbonyl group with an attached alkyl group.
Addition polymer or chain-growth polymer
Notes on Carbon Compounds
Functional group in which the carbonyl group (C=O) occurs at the interior of a carbon chain and
is therefore flanked by carbon atoms.
A compound that contains the functional group -COOH.
An organic co
Notes on Hydrogen Atoms
The reaction between an alkene and molecular hydrogen (H2).
The hydrolysis of an ester in the presence of a base.
An organic compound that has an NR2 group attached to a carbonyl.
Notes on Molecular Forces
Polar covalent bond
A covalent bond that is formed between 2 atoms of differing electronegativities.
A physical property associated with a polar molecule that is defined as the product of the charge
Notes on Metal Compounds
An alkane that forms a ring.
Compound in which two hydrocarbons are bonded to one oxygen.
An alkane in which one of the hydrogens has been replaced by a halogen.
A synonym for an alkyl hal
Chapter Notes on Acidity
An elimination of two groups from the same C to produce a carbene; also called alpha
An elimination of two groups from adjacent atoms to produce a pi bond; also called beta
Notes on Charges and Orbitals
A positive or negative charge on an individual atom.
The physical reality of the probability of finding an electron in a particular location in space.
Geometry of the orbitals of an sp