1. The view that the primary purpose of criminal justice is helping to care for people who
cannot manage themselves. Crime is an expression of frustration and anger created by
social inequality and can be controlled by giving people the means to improve t
Consensus View of Crime
The majority of citizen's in society share common ideals and work toward a common good.
Crimes are acts that are outlawed because they conflict with the rules of the majority and are
harmful to society.
Conflict View of Crime
Antisocial (Sociopathic, psychopathic) Personality
Individuals who are always in trouble and do not learn from either experience or punishment.
They are loners who engage in frequent callous and hedonistic behaviors are emotionally
immature, and empathy.
Criminal Ethics Theories
Racial Threat Hypothesis
The view the percentage of minorities in the population shapes the level of police activity.
The view that extreme social and economic differences among people living in the same
1. People will engage in delinquent and criminal behavior after weighing the consequences
and benefits of their actions. Delinquent behavior is a rational choice made by a
motivated offender who perceives the chances of gain as outweighing any perceived