Prejudice : Book Component Study Guide True / False _ 1. Stereotypes are false beliefs about the traits that members of different social groups share. Tokenism refers to hiring individuals based on group membership. Schemas are cognitive frameworks that h
The Self : Book Component Study Guide True / False _ 1. _ 2. People's stereotypes about what women are like have changed over time. Intragroup descriptions of the self involve emphasizing the differences between groups.
_ 3. A failure in one particular ar
Social Psychology Why do people behave aggressively? Why do people help others? Why do people obey their leaders? Where do attitudes come from? How are we influenced by others? Why are we attracted to others? What leads to ethnic prejudice? Definition The
COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
VALDOSTA STATE UNIVERSITY
DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY AND COUNSELING
PSYC 3710, SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 3 CREDIT HOURS
FALL SEMESTER 2011
Teachers open the door, but you must enter by yourself.
- Chinese Proverb
Baron, R. A.
Dear Mr. Clinton, April 29, 1994 I want you to stop the killing in the city. People is dead and I think that somebody might kill me. So would you please stop the people from deading. Im asking you nicely to stop it. I know you can do it. Do it.
Aggression: Book Component Study Guide True / False _ 1. Provocation is any action that tends to trigger aggression in the recipient when that action is perceived as arising from a malicious intent. Exposure to violent TV episodes reduces the amount of ag
Attitude 0. Any cognitive representation that object 1. ABCs of attitudes: Affect Behavioral Cognitive summarizes our evaluations of an attitude
Attitude Formation 1. Classical conditioning: you come to associate things that occur together 2. Op
Attitudes : Book Component Study Guide True / False _ 1. A form of learning in which a neutral stimulus comes to cause the same behavior as another stimulus. _ 2. People cannot be conditioned to respond to a stimulus unless they are aware of the stimuli u
Groups and Individuals Groups
Two or more people 3 important qualities: 1. Collective Identity 2. Norm Sharing 3. Similar in action & interdependent with one another
Why Join Groups?
Accomplish tasks Emotional and social relationships
Groups and Individuals: Book Component Study Guide True / False
_ 1. _ 2. _ 3.
Entiativity is the extent to which a group is perceived as being a coherent entity. Norms are the rules that determine how a group reaches decisions. One benefit of group membe
Close Relationships: Book Component Study Guide True / False _ 1. Interdependence refers to an interpersonal relationship in which two people influence each others' lives. p. 296 Self-efficacy is the self-evaluation made by each individual that represents
Introduction to Social Psychology: Book Component Study Guide True / False _ 1. Informed consent involves withholding some information about an experiment until after the subject has agreed to participate. _ 2. Although necessary, debriefing does not redu
Prosocial Behavior Helping Others
Are others present? Who else is present? Who is the person in need? What is the cost of helping?
Helping & Not Helping
Kitty Genovese example New Bedford rape The accused Goldensons give $60 million to Harvard Medical S
Prosocial Behavior: Book Component Study Guide True / False _ 1. Someone who risks personal injury to help others without directly benefiting him- or her-self from that act is engaged in prosocial behavior. More witnesses to an armed robbery increases the
Interpersonal Attraction and Close Relationships Situational Factors & Liking 1. Proximity Festinger, Schachter, & Back (1950) Massachusetts Institute of Technology Study Physical proximity was the most important determinant of friendship Other Areas 2. F
Social Cognition Social Cognition
The process by which people think about and make sense of people 0. Making those split-second decisions about people and how people understand a social situation
Thinking about Objects vs. People: Similarities
Social Cognition: Book Component Study Guide True / False _ 1. The ways in which we interpret, analyze, remember, and use information about the social world is known as social cognition. Schemas horizontal our mental frameworks for organizing information
Social Influence Social Influence
Process by which people directly or indirectly influence the attitudes, cognitions, or behaviors of others
6 Principles of Social Influence
1. Norm of Reciprocity Return the form of behavior received from another Occurs
Social Influence: Book Component Study Guide True / False _ 1. _ 2. Descriptive norms specify what ought to be done in a particular situation. Normative focus theory suggests that norms will only influence our behavior if they are focal for us at the time
Source Message Channel Receiver
Distance Intimate Personal Social Public Territoriality How do you feel about someone?
Gestures are a "sign language" Meaning depends on the: - Context - Person doing the
Social Perception: Book Component Study Guide True / False _ 1. _ 2. Social perception includes the processes we use to try to understand other people. Nonverbal communications include facial expressions, eye contact, body movements, and sounds.
_ 3. Faci
Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination Prejudice
Negative attitude based on anothers group membership Applied inflexibly
Components of Prejudice
Affective: negative feelings Cognitive: beliefs about targets Behavioral: treat targets unfairly