Study Guide Notes on Climate Change
List the names of 4 gases which are thought to contribute to the greenhouse effect.
a) carbon dioxide
c) water vapor
d) nitrous oxides
What is the main source of methane as a greenhouse gas?
is bacterial acti
Notes on Solar Activity
Medieval Warm Period
During the _ (Began ~1000 AD), the vikings could travel and colonized
greenland. But a little ice age began about 1500 AD and they starved to death
The climate fluctuations in the last 1,000 years (
Lecture Notes on Climate Change
Negative Outcomes of Rapid Global Warming
Negative impact on plant and animal populations such as the Polar Bear and Caribou
Increased range of human diseases caused by pathogens which formerly restricted
to tropical clim
Energy and the Ecosystem Notes
The ultimate source of energy for almost all organisms is
As organisms eat each
energy passes up the food chain
Continual Supply to Earth's Ecosystems from Sun
Finite Supply - W
Lecture Vocabulary Notes on Populations and Natural Selection
The study of the rise and fall of population sizes over time
Rate of Birth (# of individuals in a given period of time -usually a year)
Rate of Death (# of indi
Notes on Climate Change
An increase in atmospheric temperature caused by increasing amounts of CO2 and other gases
(CH4) that absorb and trap heat radiation, which normally escapes from Earth; natural process.
Sources of Carbon Dioxide
Study Notes on The Carbon Cycle
The carbon cycle
The carbon in CO2 is incorporated into plants by photosynthesis, then into animals by
consuming organisms, and returned to the air as CO2 from respiration. Cellular carbon is
returned to the soil through wa
Lecture Notes: The Food Web
A food web
a diagram that shows all the feeding relationships in a community with arrows which show the
direction of the energy flow
the trophic level of an organism is its position in the food chain. Producers, p
Biofuels and the Environment Lecture Notes
List materials which may be used as a source for conversion to biofuels.
B) crop residues.
C) dried manure.
List the conditions needed to convert biomass to biofuels
anaerobic (no oxygen) conditions and
Niches and Competition in the Ecosystem
The niche potentially occupied by that species
The niche it actually occupies in a particular environment.
A specific role of a species within an ecosystem, includin