The theory of incompatibilityconflict between womens productive and
o More relevant in developing country because outside the home
childcare is almost non-existent
Can explain negative correlation between LFP and fertility (Lim):
How did you use the DHS data?
For example in Ghana the pill required a prescription, was available at
pharmacies, and advertising was strictly prohibited.
IUD can only be installed by physician.
Negative association between income per capita
The influence of husbands on reproductive decisions and behavior has
been extensively documented (Dodoo 1993; Ezeh 1993; Bankole 1995;
Bankole and Audam 2011).
calculations of unmet need from data from men and from matched
couples have been produced (Ban
Male LFP were declining, womens during 1980s
Male LF by only 10100 in 70s and declined sharply in 80s
Labor force survey (LFS) data
Unemployed includes those looking for jobs
Employedat least 1 hours of paid work
Women 15-19, 55+
Bongaarts, Family Planning and Unmet Need
The objective of these programs is to allow women to determine freely
whether and when to have children by removing obstacles to
contraceptive use. Potential obstacles include the substantial costs of
3. All of the above.
Beckers modeled discrimination as a personal prejudice, or taste, against associating with a
particular group. He also believed employers implementing discrimination would be driven out
of business- without any external parties (like
Problem: Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)
I. Marriage Incentives and Disincentives.
A. Consider two people each with $7,000 in earnings and 1 kid. If they remain single, their
earnings are subsidized and their combined earned income tax credit is 2(2389) =
Welfare Benefits Problem
Suppose the welfare benefits received are defined by the equation below:
Benefits = 15,000 - 0.75 * Earnings
1. What is the income guarantee in this program? _15000_
2. What is the tax rate in this program? _0.75%_
3. What is the
16 September 2016
Chapters 1-3,7 Vocabulary:
1. Scarcity A situation in which unlimited wants exceed the limited resources available to
fulfill those wants (4); long-term.
2. Economics The study of the choices people make to
POL 230 International Relations
Instructor: Dr. Barbara Donovan
Tate #131, phone 757-5113; email: email@example.com
office hours: MW 2.30-3, TTh 9.30-11.00 or by appointment
This course provides an introduction to th