What do you know about Freud?
What were you taught about him?
What causes problems?
What is therapy?
How should therapy work?
The Past: Abnormal Behavior and the Psychoanalytic Tradition Freudian Theory
Structure and Function of the Mind
Exam 1 Study Guide (NOT all-inclusive)
Names to know:
Down: John Langdon Down: identified Down syndrome previously called
Mongolian Idiocy. He also identified Prader Willi Syndrome.
o Extra chromosome on set 21
o He was a psysician who spent time as super
Most kids have difficulty in habits of elimination, sleep, and eating.
Problems of elimination:
-Toilet training. If you want to put your child in daycare, the child needs to be toiler trained.
Daytime continence almost always occurs first. 24-48 months i
-Children with disabilities should be included in regular classrooms
-Impairment in word-level reading or the acquisition of basic reading skills
-Fundamentally linked to language impairment
-Difficulty segmenting words int
-Ability to learn from ones experiences, learn new knowledge, and use resources to adapt to
new situations and solve problems
-A single overall ability that can be represented by a single number or several specif
-Diagnosis with more severe aggression and antisocial behavior than oppositional defiant
disorderviolence and property destruction may significantly impact others
-Often used to describe disruptive beh
Mary Lou Kelley, Ph.D.
Parent Training Topics:
Setting the Stage
Observing Behavior ABCs of behavior
Giving Good Instructions
Theory-an orderly integrated set of statements that describes, explains and predicts behavior
Continuous development- a process of gradually adding more of the same types of skills that
were there to begin with
Discontinuous development- a process in whic
General models of Information Processing
1. Store Model-assumes that we hold or store information in three parts of the
mental system for processing, the sensory register, working/short term memory,
-Current rate is 1 in 66
-In most cases, course is lifelong, no cure
-3-4 years is the most common age of onset
-Prevalence is 1 per 50 children
ICD=world health organization
Autism Vs. Schizophrenia:
-Debate on where autism ends and sc
NEED TO READ NOTES
-Generally considered a childhood condition in the past, but currently think that it is a
neuropsychological disturbance that is life-long
-Fidgety Phil- published in 1902, first known case of ADHD
-Came to prominence in
Chapter 4 Research, its Roles, and Methods
- The aim of science and the role of observation and measurement
- Reliability and validity of research results
- The case study, correlational methods, the experiment and single-case
Chapter 3: Influences and Risks in the Developmental Process
- Brain and nervous system development, structure, and function
- Pre-, peri-, and postnatal risks to the nervous system
- The genetic context of development including genetic research
- Basic l
Chapter 8: Conduct Problems
- Various ways externalizing/conduct problems are defined and classified
- Features of Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder
- Epidemiology of conduct problems
- Approached to understanding the developmental course
Infants have no experience with anything so everything that it
is seeing and hearing is new.
Can an infant see and hear and can they do it well?
o For a while they acted like they were blind and deaf
because they didnt know how to measure it
Start on pg 24
-Looking at how emotional problems change within an individual over time. Ex: Autism, ADHD, usually
occur in children. Schizophrenia, bipolar, usually occur in adults
-Difference between a normal chi
-Effects girls more often than boys
-Debate continues about how to separate anxiety out in children. The lines of a lot of disorders are very
thin. A lot of symptom overlap
-A lot of comorbidity in anxiety disorders. Most common is anot
-Peripheral nervous system: everything thats not your brain and spinal cord
-Central nervous system: brain and spinal cord
-12 neurotransmitter chemicals: carry the messages from one cell to another. Ex: dopamine,
Assessment: term used when evaluating youth. Multiple goals: classification, establish
treatment goals, evaluate treatment outcome, and establish preventative measures
1. Classification: 2 common systems used: DSM, most widely used in the world.
History of Child Psychology
Most of child psychology has to do with intellectual disabilities. Most of the psychology field is
new. US is the leader in psychology.
-A clinically significant behavioral or psychological pattern that occurs in an i
Evidenced Based Practice:
-Looking for what procedure is most likely to work for the most people
-Take more notes from textbook on this
-Prospective longitudinal study: participants are exposed to repeated observations overtime.
2 Major Mood Disorders:
-Bipolar disorder (mania)
-Mood disorders may be unipolar (only one mood, like depression) or bipolar (mania and depression)
Recognition of mood disorders in children is a recent thing
ADHD medication use
ADHD medication use among Americans rose 35.5% from 2008-2012
Privately insured individual on these drugs rose to more than 4.8 million
Boys 12-18 are the most prevalent users
9/3% of the population is on ADHD drugs in 2
Chapter 6 notes
Anxiety and related disorders
These are internalizing disorders
Debate continues about how to define the different disorders.
For example one risk factor may lead to several different but related disorders.
Co-occurrence is high:
11.1 How do psychologists define stress?
11.2 What kinds of external events can cause stress?
11.3 What are some psychological factors in stress?
11.4 How does stress affect the physical functioning of the body and
Formation of Attitudes
Attitudes are often poor predictors of behavior unless
the attitude is very specific or very strong
Direct contact with the person, situation, object or idea
Direct instruction from parents or others
Changes of State
Play Video on YouTube
Electrolysis of Water
Play Video on YouTube
Play Video on YouTube
Dimensional analysis involves converting a quantity from one set of
units to another set of units by m
Bacterial Form and Function
Learning Outcomes: Section 4.1
List the structures all bacteria possess.
Identify at least four structures that some, but
not all, bacteria possess.
Describe the three major shapes of bacteria.
Describe more unu