Psych 2070 Midterm Study Guide
*Test is heavily weighted toward the first chapter
Development- The pattern of movement or change that begins at birth and continues
through the human life span.
Difference between Life Span and Life Expectancy
After watching the TWO videos posted on language acquisition, briefly discuss how this
issue illustrates the NATURE/NURTURE debate in human development. Be sure to
provide evidence to support BOTH sides of the debate.
-Noam Chomsky and Eric L
*Lectures go along with the book!
Chapter 1: Introduction To Exercise Psychology
1. What is it?
-Analyze how to motivate (patients, people, athletes, children)
BOOK DEF-The application of psychology to promote, maintain, enhance, an
The Mus c le Fibe r:Te rmino lo g y
muscle fiber: individual cell
plasma membrane: the sarcolemma.
T tubules(transverse):transport of substances throughout the muscle fiber
Synapse site at which the nervous system (neuron)
communicates with its effector cell site at which a
neurotransmitter (NT) is released
The NT causes the effector cell to change its membrane potential
(depolarization) which t
Muscle Cell Membrane
Sodium (Na+) Gates or Channels
1. Nerve and muscle cells have two types
of Na+ gates/channels which allow NA+
entry (influx) and
2. The first type are chemical gates, and are
the least num
All skeletal muscle actions (except for
isometric actions) are power actions.
Power = Force x Velocity
(P = F x V)
-or= Force x (Displacement/Time)
The generation of power originates primarily
in the cros
uscular Adaptations to
Neuromuscular Skeletal System
MODEL OF NEURAL AND
(change occurring over time)
1. Hypertrophy = increased number
HRONIC CONTRACTILE VELOCITY MODULATION
1. Alter the number of sarcomeres in series. (e.g. if one sarcomere
shortens 5 mm/msec, then four sarcomeres will shorten 20
The number of sarcomeres in series is controlled by
September 25th Assignment Answers
Genie learned some vocab words but could not make sentences- critical period
-The critical period closes, so we need some sort of activation to start this process
Developmental Psychology Test 1 Notes
Identical Twins Video (Corey and Eric) (Kids counting quarters and Juice) (The way
identical twins differ)
Embryonic Development Video
Y chromosome- Make the embryo a baby boy.
SRY gene- functions
Writing a Research Paper
What is research?
-Gathering info (gain knowledge)
-Testing a hypothesis
-Multiple Sources (educated guess)
What is a theory?
-A conclusion that everyone agrees t
Page 1 of 7
Research Synthesis Project
KIN 4520: Psychosocial Aspects of Physical Activity
These assignments require students to demonstrate their ability to synthesize and apply research
in a usable format consistent with their career aspirations and/or
Goal Setting Research in Injury
Iveleva & Orlick (1991) demonstrated that the
more an injured athlete used goals setting, the
faster their recovery.
Evan (2000) found that goals setting increases
ones self-efficacy and motivatio
Human Microbiota and Nonspecific
Human microbiota: Location and shifting
Risks and benefits of harboring microbiota
Overview of the immune system
Innate host defenses
Phagocytosis and inflammation
PSYC: 7-11 yrs Biosocial Development
- Rate of growth slows
o growth is only about 2 or 3 inches a year
o around age 8, children on average are 42 and weight 56 lbs
o weight increase is mostly due to skeletal and muscular gains (m
Early Adult Social Mate Selection and Marriage
Most adults 3 central roles: worker, spouse and parent
o Timing and role norms differ across culture
Subsistence cultures- struggle every day to stay alive
Get married, work and have kids earlier
Test 1 Review
50% fill in blank, is this greater or less than that, and short answer (10-15 mins)
50% essay (35-40 mins)
25% of the test is too write out how cross bridges cycleif he says a motor neuron is
activated.write it out.know the big part
Unit #1 Study Questions
1. How does the nerve "turn on" other nerves and muscles? How does it turn off a reflex?
Turns on by releasing excitatory or facilitory neurotransmitters; turns off my
releasing inhibitory neurotransmitters
2. How does practice hel
-She used questions from chapters 1 through 5
-A few easy definition questions.
-Be able to apply the terms.
-Read carefully and read all of your answers.
-Be able to distinguish between the different types of theories.
-When you are studying go o
Have you ever had preconceived
notions about people who engage in a
particular type of physical activity?
Did you later change your mind about
those notions and beliefs? Why?
Social Influence and Support
Theories and Models
of Exercise Behavior II
Theory and Integrative
Principles of B. F. Skinner's
Also known as operant learning
Four types of events can follow a
Theories and Models
of Exercise Behavior I
Introduction to Theories
Whats a theory?
Whats a model?
Whats the difference between
Whats a construct?
Why Do I Have
Theories Are Practical
Introduction to Exercise Psychology
What is it?
Why should we
What Is Exercise Psychology?
The application of psychology to
promote, maintain, enhance, and
explain the parameter
Leadership in Physical Activity
What is Leadership?
Once a leader looses the trust of their
followers becomes ineffective as a leader
Traditional leadership styles found in
Physical activity interventions
-Before interventions can take place, individuals need to be ready to even think about
Not read? Then the intervention will probably not affect the behavior
-Technique to get patie
-Metabolic processes are influenced by endocrine hormones
-Hormones can effect the rate at which the pathways operate, and they can alter the availability
of CHO (carbs), fat, and protein
-Anabolic hormones stimulate the building up of som