Sociologistsdoitingroups Groupsofhumansinteracting o Largenations,continents,planets
Howdowestudysociety? o Dependsonyourtheoreticalorientation
OpenStax College, INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY
Test Bank Questions
1. During her first day of kindergarten, Marie does not understand how the lunch line in the
cafeteria works. She hesitates and watches as the older kids pick up their trays and sil
Ch. 7 Stratification
Paradox: Inequality is the result of abundance.
What is Stratification?
a. Social equality
i. The condition whereby there are no differences in wealth,
power, prestige or status
i. Refers to sy
CHAPTER 8 GENDER
October 19, 2016
Biological characteristics of sex strongly influence the social dynamics of gender; and
vice versa. However, the social categories of gender can sometimes influence the
Family Forms and Changes
a. Our choice of a romantic or life partner doesnt depend solely on our
attraction to someone, how well we get along with him or her, or our
shared life goals
b. Whether we realize it or not, there are also legal a
CHAPTER 10 POVERTY
November 18, 2016
How do we help the poor without creating perverse incentives that induce more poverty
in the long run?
WHAT IS POVERTY?
Poverty can be defined as a condition of deprivation due to economic circumstances.
CHAPTER 13 EDUCATION
November 11, 2016
Although school is supposed to be the institution in society that provides equal
opportunity, it ends up sorting and stratifying students by the backgrounds from which
WHAT IS EDUCATION?
People who live together with commitment
Care for any children
Share economic ties
Functions of Family:
Regulating Sexual behavior
o Incest taboo
o Learn language and values
o Idea that your life
Study Guide Midterm
Lori L. Martin
Absolute poverty- a measure of what people need in order to survive,
remains constant over time
Relative poverty- defined by peoples impressions that they are poor relative
to others (not an objecti
Sociology- The systematic study of the ways in which people are affected by,
and affect, the social structures and social processes that are associated with
the groups, organizations, cultures, societies, and
Gender- what, given a persons sex, are considered appropriate physical, behavioral, and
Transsexual- individuals who have genitalia of one sex, but their thoughts and beliefs
CHAPTER 6 SOCIAL CONTROL AND DEVIANCE
October 3, 2016
It is the deviant among us who holds society together.
o We need deviance because it tells us what not to do.
WHAT IS SOCIAL DEVIANCE?
Social deviance is any transgression of socially establi
Chapter 10: Poverty
What is Poverty?
Poverty can be defined as a condition of deprivation due to economic circumstances
The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and
composition to determine who is in poverty
SOCL 2001 Final
Official final time: Thursday, Dec 10 @ 5:30-7:30 PM
Optional time: Thursday, Dec 3 @ 3:00-4:30 PM
Office: 13 stubbs
To get test scores posted on office door: Monday first thing in the morning
Sex and Gender
Sex: our biological makeup and
Exam 1 Review
Chapters 1-2: perspective/methods
Chapters 3+5: culture/social structure
Chapter 6: "institutions" only
Chapters 4-5: socialization
Adam Smith and wealth of nations
What did they think they could discover through group science?
The ways you are socialized as an adult
A change in values, beliefs, or norms through an intense social
Robert Mertons role theory provides a way to describe social
Exam 3: Sociology Ch. 8, 9,10,11
Paradox: the biological characteristics of sex strongly influence the social dynamics of gender,
however the social categories of gender
Sex, Sexuality, and Gender:
Sex: refers to the natural or biological dif
Chapter 6: Social Control and Deviance
Paradox: It is the deviance among us that hold society together
-we use the deviance as an example of what we shouldnt do
Social Deviance- any transgression of socially established norms
Chapter 9: Race
Paradox: Race as we know it has no deterministic, biological basis: all the same, race is so
powerful that it can have life or death consequences.
The sociological study of race treats it as a social phenomenon that seems natural but
Sex, Sexuality and Gender
Sex: refers to the natural or biological differences that distinguish males and females.
Sexuality: refers to desire, sexual preference, sexual identity and behavior
Gender is a social construct that consists of a set of s
Chapter 13: Education
What is Education?
Education is the process through which academic, social and cultural ideas
and tools are developed
Unfortunately, not all students emerge successfully from this system.
The inability to re
Chapter 7: Stratification
What is stratification?
The condition where by there are no differences in wealth, power,
prestige or status
Refers to systematic inequalities between groups of people that arise
as intended or
Chapter 12: Family
Family Forms and Changes
Our choice of a romantic or life partner doesnt depend solely on our attraction to
someone, how well we get along with him, or our shared life goals.
Whether we realize it or not, there are also legal and cult
Social Control and Deviance
Paradox: it is the deviants among us who actually hold society together
What is Social Deviance
Social Deviance is any transgression of socially established norms.
Created by the In-group
Ch. 3 Culture and Society
Culture: ideas, values, beliefs, knowledge, norms, customs,
Parts of one culture
Culture and Cultural elements
^ cultural element
made up of cultural elements that are related to each other
Chapter 6 Deviance
The bigger the Lie
Crime is considered deviant in our society b/c it goes against
We respond with negative sanctions
There are such things as noncriminal deviance
o Biker gangs
o Head to toe tattoos and piercings