ANALYSIS OF DIALECT During this lab assignment, you will analyze the nonmainstream dialect use of one child, Tiger1 or Tiger2. Tiger1 is a white child and Tiger2 is an African American child. As you will see when you open your samples, we have already cod
Chapter 1: The Origins of Language
Where did the language come from?
Divine source: every religion has their own belief
Language given by a higher power:
o This is not a religion or history class; the following examples are relevant to this
theory and sh
Chapter 5: Word Formation
Word formation is the creation of a new word.
It studies the pattern of forming new words.
Etymology is the study of the origin and history of a word.
Different Word Formations:
Invention of totall
The Properties of Language
A means of communication
Communicative signals vs. informative signals
Composed of symbols
Symbols are organized according to rules
Shared among users (conventional, agreed-upon)
Ability to text, email,
The Sound Patterns of Language
The study of the structure and systematic patterns of sounds in human language.
o Talks about the syllables
o Talks about sounds but from a language perspective
The study of the sound system of a langua
How are Speech Sounds Consistently Represented in Written Form?
Speech sounds represented by symbols in brackets. [t] [p] [i] 
International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) also includes speech sounds that are not a part of
What is Aphasia
Aphasia is an acquired communication
disorder that impairs a persons ability to
process language, but does not affect
Impairs ability to speak and understand
others. Most people with aphasia
mAtch the following with the diagram
Kate/skate, bu/blue, seep/sleep these errors are examples of
d- final consonant deletion
two-word utterances appear when a child
THEORIES OF LANGUAGE
Theories explain how language is acquired
Language is universal and unique
Children acquire language rapidly (typically developing)
Most children seem to follow the same pattern, but there are
The importance of voice:
An important part of how we verbally communicate
Teachers are more at risk of losing their voice because of the amount of
speaking they do
Can be a medical problem and some are indicative of life threatening
Acknowledgement: "Woah, look at that car.
Expansion: That is a fast, red car
Expatiation: They are driving fast; they must be in a hurry.
Association: If you hit a car horn it goes beep, beep.
Cloze: Do you see that _
A. Describe the major types of cerebral palsy. Specify their neuropathologies and
main neuromotor symptoms.
One way to classify cerebral palsy is by location of the paralyzed body part(s).
Hemiplegia is when only the left or right side of the body is para
LANGUAGE ACQUISITION &
THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE
Methods of study
Cross-sectional studies: many subjects from
different age levels are studied
simultaneously for a relatively brief period of
Doesnt show changes over tim
Comm D Review
50 multiple choice- 1 pt
25 labeling- any thing we did with a diagram- 2 pt
Skinner- dont need to know
In the word went how many morphemes? 1 morpheme
Dont need to know cartilages in detail (thyroid,cricoid)- know adduction
1872: Alexander Melville Bell Alexander Graham Bell 1882: Samuel Potter 1910: 1st "Speech Correctionists in Chicago schools
Edward Wheeler Scripture 1918: 1st Special Interest Group 1920s: 1st Doctoral Programs 1925: AASC 1920
CULTURE & COMMUNICATION
DIVERSITY AND DISORDERS CHAPTER 11
A group of people who routinely and frequently use a shared language to interact with each other A communication disorder can only be determined in the context of a speech commun
NEUROLOGICALLY BASED COMMUNICATIVE DISORDERS
Aphasia a language disorder due to brain damage or disease Apraxia a disorder of sequenced motor movements in the absence of muscle weakness or paralysis Dysarthria a group of speech diso
MIDTERM PROJECT You now are ready to collect your own sample as well as type it and analyze it using SALT. Audio or video record the session. You will need to turn in the cd or dvd. Elicitation Find a child between the ages of three and six years. After r
PRAGMATIC DEVELOPMENT We are using a pragmatic analysis from Fey's (1986) chapter that is titled, Determining basic intervention goals. We will be talking about Fey's analysis in class. For lab we will only be coding speech acts at the discourse level. Be
SYNTACTIC DEVELOPMENT Complex syntax can be difficult to examine through the use of spontaneous language samples because complex syntax can be rare. An ideal context for examining syntax is through the use of oral narratives and through analyses of writte