Some features are in two forms
Some people have ear lobes and others do not.
A gene controls how ear lobes develop.
There are two versions of the gene.
They are called alleles.
E which produces ears with lobes.
e which produces ears w
November 23, 2011
Polymerase Chain Reaction
What is it?
REAL TIME PCR & ITS
FUNCTIONS IN DIAGNOSIS
By: A . Qorani
1:Introduction to PCR
2:Advantages & disadvantages
3:Real Time PCR
4:Detection of prod
Nature of the Genetic Material
$ Property 1 - it must contain, in a stable
form, information encoding the organisms
structure, function, development and
$ Property 2 - it must replicate accurately so
progeny cells have the same genetic makeup
Last Week in.
We discussed the different forms of
We discussed the costs/benefits of each
This week well discuss sexual
differentiation - how sexually reproducing
into separate sexes. Specifically, as it
applies to u
Born in 1822
In monastery known for
research and teaching
After his death (1884)
acknowledgment of his
discoveries in 1900
Known as The Father of
Mendels Pea Plants
First scientist to
describe how traits are
The Human Genome Project
What is the Human Genome
U.S. govt. project coordinated by the Department of Energy and the
National Institutes of Health, launched in 1986 by Charles DeLisi.
Definition: GENOME the whole hereditary information of an or
Evolutionary Concepts: Variation
6 February 2003
Definitions and Terminology
Changes within populations or species in gene
frequencies and distributions of traits
Higher level changes, e.g. generation of new
A population showing
variation in colour.
There is lots of food so your population survives and
reproduces. Add 5.
The bright yellow of some of your offspring attracts
predators. All but two of them get eaten.
Theres lots of f
Outline the regulation of protein
synthesis in bacteria. (Reference should
be made to the lac operon in
The Lac Operon is an example of an operon that is
able to regu
This powerpoint was kindly donated to
http:/www.worldofteaching.com is home to over a
thousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This is a
completely free site and requires no registration. Please
visit and I hope it
Cell division reduction division
Production of sex cells gametes
Why do we need meiosis?
Meiosis is necessary to halve the number of
chromosomes going into the sex cells
Why halve the chromosomes in gametes?
At fertilisation the m
by Alexandra Schedat-Spotzl
For 100s of free powerpoints
born in 1822
in monastery known for
research and teaching
after his death (1884)
acknowledgment of his discover
All complex organisms
originated from a single
Every cell in your body
started here, through cell
division the numbers are
Cell then specialise and
change into their various
-d ivis io no f somatic ( b o d y) c e lls
-d ivis io no fg a m e te s (s e xc e lls )
Interestingth ing s h a p
Some vocabulary well need
Cell division - process by which cells
Chromosomes - cell parts that determine
what traits a living
9.6 Absorption Process
Intermediate 2 Biology
Everyone should complete:
2-Visking Tube Experiment
Most people will complete:
The Check Test for 9.6
The Home Practice for 9.6
Some people might s
Knowledge & Reality: Induction 4
1. A condensed version of Humes argument in section IV part I:I
a. 1. Any argument is either demonstrative or inductive. (premise)
b. 2. There is no demonstrative argument that the future will resemble the past. (premise)
Knowledge and Reality 3: The Cosmological Argument [Continued]
1. Recap argument structure.
2. Reconstructing and evaluating Aquinass second argument for the existence of God.
3. Reconstructing and evaluating Clarkes cosmological argument.
September 12th, 2012
Knowledge and Reality 5: Humes Dialogues
1) Hume was an empiricist.
a) Empiricism says: to know about something, you have to have experienced it.
b) The content of a concept is just a matter of the kinds of experiences that you have a
Knowledge and Reality 6: Humes Dialogues (Continued)
1. Standard form of the Teleological Argument
a. Animals are made up of complex parts that work together well to produce an effect. [P]
b. Whenever something is made of complex parts that work together
Natasha Ingraham / Philosophy 101 Honors / Professor Alexander Jackson
Study Questions on Papineau. Due 11/7
1. State the conclusion of Papineaus causal argument, i.e. his version of
His argument states that, Many effects that we attribute t
Natasha Ingraham / Professor Jackson / Honors Philosophy 101 / November 22 nd
Study Questions on Carruthers and Lycan. Due 11/26
1. Carruthers replies in a certain way to objection (A) (Certainty) to the property
identity thesis. Explain an analogous repl
Natasha Ingraham / Professor Jackson / Honors Philosophy / October 4, 2012
Huemer study questions, Due 10/8/12
On section 1:
1. According to the foundationalist, where does the skeptical argument 1-6 go
wrong? (pp. 156-7)
According to the foundationalist