The Major Crime
The structure of criminal justice consists
of a series of
Policing in an American Context
Policing in a democracy
U.S. is a representative democracy and
Federalism is divided power
Policed by consent
Rule of law
Enforce the law, but
The basics of criminal justice is policing, corrections, and courts.
#1 issue facing criminal justice system is our incarceration. Criminal justice is actually a new consilient
discipline. Comes from sociology, political science, psychology. Accounting is
CJ 104 Intro to Corrections
Exam 1 Study Guide
This is intended to provide you with a summation of what the course
has focused on thus far (Chapters 1-6). This guide is NOT a guarantee
of what will be included on the exam. Use this to guide your studying.
For many years, prisons and prison life
could be described by the phrase out of
sight, out of mind.
Concerned citizens began to offer their
services to prison administrators and social
scientists initiated a serious study of
Criminal Justice Exam 1 Study Guide for Test 1 on March 9, 2016
Notes: The Criminal Justice System Overview (Read Ch. 1/Cole text) Weeks 1-2, Crime,
Prevalence, and Theories (Read Ch. 2/Cole text) Week 3, Criminal Law (Read Ch. 3/Cole text)
Week 4-5, The
Perceptions of the Police
Why do perceptions of the police matter?
Community aspect of the police environment
Largely positive and stable
Variations due exist: scandals, etc.
Personal and vicarious negative experiences
For many years, prisons and prison life could be described by the phrase out of sight, out of
Concerned citizens began to offer their services to prison administrators and social scientists
initiated a serious study of
Becoming a Cop
Civil Service vs Patronage
Civil Service: a system in which employees are hired,
retained, advanced, disciplined on the basis of merit.
Meritocracy = abilities and qualifications
Patronage system: a system of hiring in which de
_Define the scope of police
_Rushs definition and criticisms
Organized body of municipal, county, or stat
CCJS 100 6384
18 August 2016
University of Maryland University Colleges policy regarding Plagiarism suggests any students,
faculty, and staff will be penalize for plagiarism. Plagiarism means the practice of taking
someone else's work or ide
Crim/Deviance Final Exam
Cesare Beccaria classical deterrence
People naturally will try to minimize
pain & maximize pleasure. If benefits
are perceived to outweigh the costs,
the behavior is more likely.
Likewise, crime is an
SOC 330 Criminology and Deviance Howard Beckers Outsiders Ch. 1 Reading Questions
1. Who are the outsiders to whom the books title refers?
An outsider is someone who goes against the average and social norms. Outsiders break the rules set up
by a social g
SOC 330 Criminology and Deviance March 19 Social Strain
Cullen/Agnew, 155-172, 189-197
Social Structure and Anomie
Describe the cultural goals and institutional norms that exist at your school. Are
these goals and norms in balance?
SOC 330 Criminology and Deviance April 7 Is criminal behavior rational?
Reconceptualizing Deterrence Theory (Stafford and Warr)
1. Describe the difference between specific and general deterrence. Give an example of a
SOC 330 Criminology and Deviance Howard Beckers Outsiders Ch. 3 Reading Questions
1. How does Becker describe the relationship between the behavior of smoking marijuana and the
motivation to smoke it?
Instead of the deviant motivations leading to the devi
SOC 330 Criminology and Deviance March 12 Does it matter where you live?
Cullen/Agnew, 89-97, 105-117
1. Explain what social disorganization is. What factors indicate that a community is socially
Social disorganization = the disruption of th
19 Feb 2015
Female involvement and the gender gap in corporate crime
By John Wihbey (August 19, 2013)
Over the years corporate fraud cases have become more frequent and prominent in the
-The FBI says most corporate fraud cases involve accounting sc
SOC 330 Criminology and Deviance Howard Beckers Outsiders Ch. 5-6 Reading Questions
Ch. 5 and 6
1. From Ch. 5 and Ch. 6, identify as many attributes as you can that distinguish 40s jazz musicians
as deviant outsiders.
-They set themselves apart from the a
SOC 330 Criminology and Deviance Howard Beckers Outsiders Ch. 7 Reading Questions
1. What is Beckers question in this chapter?
When are rules made and enforced?
2. What are the 3 premises on which Becker bases his explanation of enforcement? How do these
SOC 330 Criminology and Deviance Howard Beckers Outsiders Ch. 8 Reading Questions
1. In this chapter, Becker discusses the fate of moral crusades. What outcomes tend to occur for
those whose moral crusades are successful? What outcomes tend to occur for t
SOC 330 Criminology and Deviance April 2 Why dont some people commit crimes?
Techniques of Neutralization (Sykes and Matza)
1. In their article, Sykes and Matza paraphrase Morris Cohen: one of the most fascinating
problems about huma
SOC 330 Criminology and Deviance March 31 Learning Crime
A Theory of Differential Association (Sutherland and Cressey)
1. What does Sutherland mean by definitions favorable to violation of law? Give
examples of such definitions.
SOC 330 Criminology and Deviance April 21 Reintegrative Shaming
Cullen/Agnew, 239-248, 253-261
Crime, Shame, and Reintegration (Braithwaite)
1. What is the difference between shaming that is stigmatizing and shaming that is
5 May 2015
A Proposal to Study the Frequency of Techniques of Neutralization for the Crime of Theft
Crime and deviant behaviors are some of the most confounding topics in social research.
One of the most pressing questions criminologists ask is: Why do
Crim/Deviance Final Exam
Cesare Beccaria classical deterrence theory
People naturally will try to minimize pain
& maximize pleasure. If benefits are
perceived to outweigh the costs, the
behavior is more likely.
Likewise, crime is an inst
SOC 330 Criminology and Deviance April 16 Age and crime
Cullen/Agnew, 451-464, 477-496
Pathways in the Life Course to Crime (Moffitt)
1. Describe the different ways in which individual traits and environmental factors interact
with (or influence) one anot
SOC 330 Criminology and Deviance March 10 Are some people naturally disposed to commit
crimes? (Cullen/Agnew, 21-31, 59-68)
1. What is the demonic perspective? In what ways does this perspective show up in some
contemporary Americans attitudes about crime
SOC 330 Criminology and Deviance March 17 The code of the street
1. Describe the central values and norms (or rules) that form the code of the streets.
-The heart and central value is respect (juice)- always want to be treated right
SOC 330 Criminology and Deviance Howard Beckers Outsiders Ch. 2 Reading Questions
1. Recreate Beckers table for the types of deviant behavior. Below the table, write down your own
example of each of the 4 types.