Lecture 1 Intro, Basic Chemistry
A cell is the smallest unit with the capacity to live.
Emergent properties are properties that depend on the level of organization of matter but do not
exist at lower levels.
Metabolism is the ability of the cell or organi
Lecture 3 Organic Chemistry, functional groups
Collectively, molecules based on carbon are known as organic molecules.
Four major classes of organic molecules are proteins, fats, carbohydrates and nucleic acids.
Carbon has four unpaired outer electrons th
Lecture 2 Basic Chemistry, Water
Ionic bonds result from electrical attractions between atoms that gain or lose valence electrons
Ionic bonds have 3 key features:
1. They exert an attractive force over greater distances than any other chemical
Lectures 29 and 30
Catalysts speed up the rate of a reaction without the need of increased temperature.
Energy is defined as the capacity to do work. There are two states in which energy can exist:
Kinetic or Potential.
Kinetic energy is the ene
Lecture 10 and 11 Transposons and Viruses
Transposable elements are particular segments of DNA that can move from one place to another
within a cells genome. The movement of TEs is called transposition.
Transposition occurs in one of two ways
1. A cut and
Lectures 26- 28
The cells of eukaryotes have a true nucleus enclosed by a membrane. Researchers have used cell
fractionation to isolate and purify cells to determine their contents. On the nuclear envelope is
many pore complexes. A nuclea
Lecture 8 Transcription
Genes that code for proteins are called protein coding genes.
There were two conducted experiments that showed the relationship between enzymes and
genes. These experiments studied alkaptonuria and orange bread mold. From the latte