NEW DISCOVER FOR FSM (OVERLAPING)!
Let see first example!
Step 1: Identify the number for each bit.
1st bit = > 1
2nd bit => 0
3rd bit => 1
Step 2: Create a draft state table.
Step 3: List out all possible curre
hen nodes or stations are connected and use a common link, called a multipoint or
broadcast link, we need a multiple-access protocol to coordinate access to the link.
The problem of controlling the access to the m
Comparison Between AM and FM Reception
Frequency modulation causes a carrier frequency to
deviate from its rest value by an amount linearly
proportional to the voltage of a baseband sig
Modulation And De-modulation
Radio Frequency Transmission
Information signal are transported between a transmitter and a
receiver over some form of transmission medium.
The information signal typically a voice and a digital signal is
very low frequency an
EEE 332 COMMUNICATION
Text book: Louis E. Frenzel. Jr. Principles
of Electronic Communication Systems,
Third Ed. Mc Graw Hill.
2-4: Fourier Theory
The mathematical analysis of the modulation and multiplexing
methods used in communication s
1.4 Power Measurements
The decibel (dB) is a logarithmic unit that can be
used to measure ratios of virtually anything. In
the electronic communications, the decibel
defined a power ratios, however, as a common
usage voltage and current ratios can also be
RF engineering is very important in our daily activities.
We need radio and television for entertainment and nowadays,
we cant live without the mobile phone.
Why RF is so important?
Wireless system allows the communication of informatio
Prof. Dr Mohd Fadzil Ain
Course Contents Based On OBE
Ahmad required the AM transmitter that can transmit the voice up to 200
meter. Design the transmit
Electrical noise is defined as any undesirable electrical energy. Figure
57 shows the effect of noise on an electrical signal.
Figure 57: Effect of noise on a signal. (a) Without noise (b) With noise
Laboratory Exercise 6
Adders, Subtractors, and Multipliers
The purpose of this exercise is to examine arithmetic circuits that add, subtract, and multiply numbers. Each
type of circuit will be implemented in two ways: rst by writing VHDL code that describ
Laboratory Exercise 2
Numbers and Displays
This is an exercise in designing combinational circuits that can perform binary-to-decimal number conversion
and binary-coded-decimal (BCD) addition.
We wish to display on the 7-segment displays HEX3 to HE
Laboratory Exercise 4
This is an exercise in using counters.
Consider the circuit in Figure 1. It is a 4-bit synchronous counter which uses four T-type ip-ops. The counter
increments its count on each positive edge of the clock if the Enab
Laboratory Exercise 5
Clocks and Timers
This is an exercise in implementing and using a real-time clock.
Implement a 3-digit BCD counter. Display the contents of the counter on the 7-segment displays, HEX20. Derive
a control signal, from the 50-MHz
DE1 Development and Education Board
Thank you for using the Altera DE1 Development and Education board.
The purpose of this board is to provide the ideal vehicle for learning about digital logic, computer organization,
and FPGAs. It uses the state-of-the-
Getting Started with Alteras DE1 Board
This document describes the scope of Alteras DE1 Development and Education Board and the suporting
materials provided by the Altera Corporation. It also explains the installation process needed to use a DE1
1. Draw state diagram of Mealy and Moore machines
for a sequence detector system which the outputs a
1 when exactly two of the last three inputs are 1.
2. What is the sequence that needs to be detected by the
system? Moore or Mealy?
ECE 331 Digital System Design
Derivation of State Graphs and State Tables
The slides included herein were taken from the materials accompanying
Fundamentals of Logic Design, 6th Edition, by Roth and Kinney,
and were used with permission from
Finite State Machines
By Mike Chen
Finite State Machines
Combinational Logic Units
Combinational logic units are a type of
logic circuit whose output is a pure
function of the present input only.
Finite State Machines, used in sequential
Mealy state machine
In the theory of computation, a Mealy machine is a finite state transducer that
generates an output based on its current state and input. This means that the state
diagram will include both an input and output signal for each transitio
Session 37; Page 1/3
Additional State Machine Design Examples
1. Design a Moore machine state diagram for a sequence detector that outputs a 1 after receiving a
sequence with at least one 1 and three 0s in