Introduction
Chapter 3
One Dimensional Problems
Lecture Notes
Dr Mohd Sani
Universiti Malaysia Perlis
ENT347 Finite Element Methods
1
Introduction
Finite Element Modelling
Three types of loading:
Total potential energy, stress-strain and straindisplacemen
Introduction
Chapter 6
Two-Dimensional Isoparametric
Elements
Previous chapter CST. This chapter four-node or
higher order isoparametric elements.
Higher order isoparametric elements have proven
effective on two- and three-dimensional problems.
Lecture No
Basic knowledge of matrix
Chapter 2
Matrix Algebra and
Gaussian Elimination
Row and Column Vectors
Lecture Notes
Dr Mohd Sani
Universiti Malaysia Perlis
(1 x n) is called a row vector
(m x 1) is called a column vector
Addition and Subtraction
Multiplicati
Introduction
Chapter 9
Three-dimensional Problems in
Stress Analysis
Most engineering problems are three dimensional.
Finite element analysis of simplified models give
reasonable results.
Recall the previous formulations:
u = [u , v, w]T
= [ x , y , z ,
Introduction
Trusses
The discussion of truss will cover:
Lecture Notes
Dr Mohd Sani
Universiti Malaysia Perlis
Two dimensional trusses (plane trusses)
section 4.2
Three dimensional trusses section 4.3
Some consideration in truss:
All loads and joints are
Introduction
Chapter 5
Two-dimensional problems using
Constant Strain Triangles (CST)
Two-dimensional finite element formulation follows
the steps used in the one-dimensional problem.
The displacement vector u is given by:
u = [u , v]T
Lecture Notes
Dr Mo
Introduction
Chapter 8
Beams and Frames
Lecture Notes
Dr Mohd Sani
Universiti Malaysia Perlis
Members that are slender and
support loadings applied
perpendicular to their
longitudinal axis are called
beams
In Mechanical Eng.
application, the calculation o
Introduction
Chapter 1
Fundamental Concepts
FEA or sometimes referred as FEM, has become a
powerful tool for numerical solution of a wide range
of engineering problems.
FEA is a computational technique used to obtain
approximate solutions of boundary valu
Introduction
Chapter 10
Scalar Field Problems
Lecture Notes
Dr Mohd Sani
Universiti Malaysia Perlis
In previous chapter, the unknowns in the problem
represented component of a vector field.
Quantities such as temperature, pressure and
stream potentials ar
Introduction
Chapter 7
Axisymmetric Solids Subjected
to Axisymmetric Loading
Problems involving 3D axisymmetric solids can be
solved by reducing to simple 2D problems.
Lecture Notes
Dr Mohd Sani
Universiti Malaysia Perlis
Figure 1
ENT347 Finite Element Me
ENT388 (ELECTRONICS)
SESSION 2016/2017 SEM 1
TUTORIAL 2
Chapter 4 The Operational Amplifier
1. Compare a practical op-amp to an ideal op-amp.
2. Identify the type of input mode for each op-amp in figure 1.
(a)
(b)
(c)
Figure 1
3. An op-amp datasheet speci
TUTORIAL 1
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRONICS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Explain the energy level and sketch the concept of energy band.
What is the difference between an insulator, conductor and semiconductor?
Hole in an n-type semiconductor are:
Why electr
ENT388 (ELECTRONICS)
SESSION 2016/2017 SEM 1
ASSIGNMENT 2
Submission date: 15/12/16 (before 12.15pm)
(DIGITAL ELECTRONICS)
1. Add these pairs of binary numbers:
(a) 1101.11 and 101.111
(b) 1011 and 101
2. Find the result (in BCD format) of adding the BCD
ENT388 - ELECTRONICS
Chapter 2
Semiconductors &
Diodes
1
1. ATOMIC STRUCTURE
Atom
smallest particle of an element
Retains the characteristics at the element
Bohr Model
central nucleus surrounded by orbiting electronics
Nucleus
Positively charged particle
Chapter 5
MASS, BERNOULLI AND
ENERGY EQUATIONS
Wind turbine farms are being constructed all over the world to
extract kinetic energy from the wind and convert it to electrical
energy. The mass, energy, momentum, and angular momentum
balances are utilized
Operational Amplifiers
Chapter 4
1
Introduction
Amplification
Making things bigger
Attenuation
Making things smaller
2
Operational Amplifier
Early
Op-Amps were used primarily to
perform mathematical operations
such as add, subtraction,
integration and d
GRAPHICAL LINKAGE
SYNTHESIS
ENT 348 MECHANICAL SYSTEM DESIGN
K I N E M AT I C S AN D D Y N AM I C S O F M AC H I N E R Y , 2 ND
EDITION, ROBERT NORTON,2013
SYNTHESIS
QUALITATIVE SYNTHESIS
The creation of potential solutions in the absence of a welldefin
Chapter 3
PRESSURE AND FLUID
STATICS
John Ninomiya flying a cluster of 72 helium-filled balloons over Temecula,
California in April of 2003. The helium balloons displace approximately 230
m3 of air, providing the necessary buoyant force. Dont try this at
Chapter 2
PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS
A drop forms when
liquid is forced out of a
small tube. The shape
of the drop is
determined by a
balance of pressure,
gravity, and surface
tension forces.
2
Objectives
Have a working knowledge of the basic properties of
flu
1
2
ENT 388
Electronics
Chapter 3A
Bipolar Junction Transistors
3
Chapter Outline
1.
2.
3.
4.
BJT Structure
Basic BJT Operation
BJT Characteristics and Parameters
BJT as Amplifier and Switch
4
BJT Structure
Transistor can be used as amplifier or switch. I
ELECTRONICS (ENT 388)
Lecture #1
Digital Electronics
School of Mechatronic Engineering
University Malaysia Perlis.
1
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
2. NUMBER SYSTEM
3. LOGIC GATES
4. BOOLEAN ALGEBRA
1.
2
INTRODUCTION
Analog vs Digital
Analog Signal: is any variabl
ENT 243
Thermodynamics 2
Chapter 1 : Gas power cycle
Part 2 out of 2
By:
Mohd Hafif Basha bin Mohamad Jamel Basha
Examples of heat engine using gas cycle
Internal combustion engines
Gas Turbine engine
Reciprocating engine
Spark ignition (petrol) engine
ENT388 / 3
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
TO
ELECTRONICS
1
Topic
Concept of Electronic Systems
Concept of Analog and Digital
Quantities
2
Physical Quantity
A physical quantity is a quantity in physics that can be
measured. Or a physical quantity is a physical p
DIGITAL ELECTRONICS
(ENT 388)
Lecture #6
Shift Register
Hasimah Ali
School of Mechatronic Engineering
University Malaysia Perlis.
[email protected]
Shift Register Operations
Shift registers consist of arrangement of flip-flop
and are important in
DIGITAL ELECTRONICS
(ENT 388)
Lecture #4
School of Mechatronic Engineering
University Malaysia Perlis.
1
Synthesis of Logic Circuits
The Sum-of-Product (SOP)
Form
When two or more product term are summed by
Boolean addition. Examples:
AB ABC
ABC CDE BC D
DIGITAL ELECTRONICS
(ENT 388)
CHAPTER 7
Sequential Logic
Circuits
Hasimah Ali
School of Mechatronic Engineering
University Malaysia Perlis.
[email protected]
1
Objectives
Identify the characteristics of:
S-R flip-flop
D flip-flop
J-K flip flop
2
DIGITAL ELECTRONICS
(ENT 388)
Lecture #6
Counter
Hasimah Ali
School of Mechatronic Engineering
University Malaysia Perlis.
[email protected]
Asynchronous Counter
Counters are used to count the pulses of an
input signal.
An asynchronous counter is o
ELECTRONICS (ENT 388)
Lecture #2
Combinational Logic
Circuits
School of Mechatronic Engineering
University Malaysia Perlis.
1
A Logic Circuits
A logic circuit contains one or more
basic logic gates.
Logic circuits have the properties of
Boolean algebra
An
ANALYTICAL LINKAGE
ANALYSIS
ENT 348 MECHANICAL SYSTEM DESIGN
K I N E M AT I C S AN D D Y N AM I C S O F M AC H I N E R Y , 2 ND
EDITION, ROBERT NORTON,2013
INTRODUCTION
The synthesis techniques presented in Chapter 3
were strictly graphical and somewhat
ELECTRONICS (ENT 388)
Lecture #3
School of Mechatronic Engineering
University Malaysia Perlis.
1
De Morgans Laws
Two important results in Boolean algebra
are De Morgans Laws, which are given:
ABC A B C
and
( A B C ) A BC
2
De Morgans Laws
Another way to s