Advanced Fluid Mechanics
Review of Important Concepts
Dr. Shiferaw R. Jufar
Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Bandar Seri Iskandar, 31750 Tronoh,
Perak, Malaysia | Tel: +605 368 7045 | Fax: +605 365 5670
e-mail : [email protected]
What is Fluid

CraigGeffenMorse Method
Craig et al. (1955) proposed performing the calculations for only one selected
layer in the multilayered system.
The selected layer, identified as the base layer, is considered to have a 100%
vertical sweep efficiency.
The performa

VERTICAL SWEEP EFFICIENCY
Define vertical sweep efficiency
Factors affecting Ev
three problems to be addressed
Reservoir Vertical Heterogeneity
Minimum Number of Layers
The Zonation Problem
Positional Method
Permeability Ordering Method
Calculation of Ver

Calculation of Vertical Sweep Efficiency
Basically two methods are traditionally used in calculating the vertical sweep
efficiency EV.:
(1) Stiles method
(2) the Dykstra-Parsons method
These two methods assume that the reservoir
is composed of an idealize

PRINCIPLES OF
WATERFLOODING
By
Tarek Ahmed
Reservoir Engineering Handbook
Introduction
The terms primary oil recovery, secondary
oil recovery, and tertiary (enhanced) oil
recovery are traditionally used to describe
hydrocarbons recovered according to the

OPTIMUM TIME TO WATERFLOOD
The most common procedure for determining the optimum time
to start waterflooding is to calculate:
Anticipated oil recovery
Fluid production rates
Monetary investment
Availability and quality of the water supply
Costs of w

Fluid Injectivity
Injection rate is a key economic variable that must be
considered that will directly affect
projects life
the economic benefits
Muskat (1948) and Deppe (1961) derived empirical methods
for estimating water injectivity for regular pat

Stage 3: Fill-upWater Breakthrough
The time to fill-up, as represented by point C on Figures 14-44 and 14-45, marks the
following four events:
1. No free gas remaining in the flood pattern
2. Arrival of the oil-bank front to the production well
3. Flood p

DISPLACEMENT EFFICIENCY
Frontal Advance Equation
After breakthrough
After breakthrough, the water saturation and the water cut at the producing well
gradually increase with continuous injection of water, as shown in Figure 14-28.
Figure 14-28. Average
wat

Overall Recovery Efficiency
I. Displacement Efficiency
II. Areal Sweep Efficiency
III. Vertical Sweep Efficiency
Overall Recovery Efficiency
Introduction
The overall recovery factor (efficiency) RF of any secondary or tertiary oil recovery
method is the p

DISPLACEMENT EFFICIENCY
Frontal Advance Equation
Oil Recovery Calculations
Example 14-10
The data of Example 14-7 are reproduced here for convenience:
Predict the waterflood performance to abandonment at a WORs of 45
STB/STB.
DISPLACEMENT EFFICIENCY
Front

Experiment 2: Osborne Reynolds Demonstration
Objective:
To observe and calculate the Reynolds number for laminar, transitional and turbulent pipe flow
Theory:
A flow can behave in very different ways depending upon which forces predominate within it. Slow

Advanced Fluid Mechanics
Chapter 1
Continuum Viewpoint and the
Equation of Motion
Dr. Mohd Azuwan Bin Maoinser
Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Bandar Seri Iskandar, 31750 Tronoh, Perak,
Malaysia | Tel: +605 368 7377 | Fax: +605 365 5670
e-mail : mazuwan.ma

Some explanation on the units in
Energy equations in Chapter 5
2
pout Vout
gzout
2
2
pin Vin
N
m3
m2
m
m
m2
kg
s2
s2
3
2
2
gzin wshaft loss
net in
N=kg.m/s2
J= N.m
g (gravity acceleration)=m/s2
2
kgm 1
m
m
m
s2
m2
kg
s2
s2
kgm4
m2
m2
s 2 m 2 kg
s2
s2
m

FLUID MECHANICS - 1
7/26/2016 9:37 AM
1
Chapter 7: Similitude,
Dimensional Analysis and
Modeling
Concept of Similitude
Dimensional analysis
Buckingham Pi Theorem
Determination of Pi Terms
Some comments about dimensional analysis
Common dimensionless group

FLUID MECHANICS - 1
6/14/2016 1:24 PM
1
Chapter 3: The Bernoulli
Equation
Newtons Second Law
F=ma along a streamline
F=ma normal to a streamline
Physical interpretations
Static, Stagnation, Dynamic and Total Pressure
Examples of use of the Bernoulli Equa

FLUID MECHANICS - 1
5/17/2016 5:02 PM
1
Course Objectives
Understand concepts and behavior of fluids in
static and flowing condition.
Understand the concept and applications of
control volume.
Apply the knowledge of dimensional analysis.
Apply the con

FLUID MECHANICS - 1
7/12/2016 10:10 AM
1
Chapter 5: Finite Control Volume
Analysis
Conservation of mass The continuity equation
Newtons 2nd Law The linear momentum and moment-ofmomentum equations
First law of thermodynamics The energy equation
Conserva

FLUID MECHANICS - 1
5/30/2016 2:18 PM
1
Important!
Assignment for chapter 1 as follows:
Solve questions 1.43, 1.72, 1.91, 1.102, 1.08, 1.113
(in the text book chapter 1)
5/30/2016 2:18 PM
2
Chapter 2: Fluid Statics
Pressure at a point
Basic equation for

Fluid Mechanics (MDF2013)
Assignment III
Student Name:
Student ID
:
Dept. :
Group:
Q1 A
Write out the meanings of the following terms and provide a mathematical expression, if any:
(a) Conservation of mass
(b) Linear momentum
(c) Conservation of energy (2

CE 3500 Fluid Mechanics / Fall 2014 / City College of New York
Assignment #5
1 Water Flow through Blades (5.4)
[ ]
slugs
out through a set of thin, closely spaced blades with a speed of
ft 3
U =10 [ fps ] around the entire circumference of the outlet. Det

Introduction to Fluid Flow
This week Learning Outlines
Definition of fluid mechanics
Concept of shear stress
Properties of fluid
Density and specific gravity
Specific weight
Viscosity
Surface tension
Pressure
Units and conversion
Types of fluid

I. DISPLACEMENT EFFICIENCY
Frontal Advance Equation
Buckley and Leverett (1942) presented what is recognized as the basic
equation for describing two-phase, immiscible displacement in a linear
system. The equation is derived based on developing a material