1.0
Introduction
The breakdown in air also known as spark breakdown is the transition of a nonsustaining discharge into a self-sustaining discharge. The buildup of high currents
in a breakdown is due to the ionization in which electrons and ions are creat

KE16403 Logic Design
Lecture 13: Time Response in
Combinational Networks
Lecture Outcomes
Draw a timimg diagram for a combinational
circuit with gate delays
Design 2-level circuit which is free of static
hazards.
Readings: 8.3 8.4
2
Time Response
empha

KE16403 Logic Design
Lecture 8: CMOS
Learning Outcomes
At the end of the lecture you will be able to:
Implement logic gates using CMOS
2
How to get rid of static power
Intuition
3
New Device PMOS
N-channel MOSFET (NMOS)
on when vGS VTN
off when vGS <

KE16403 Logic Design
Lecture 11: Karnaugh Maps
Learning Outcomes
Obtain minimum SOP or minimum POS from
Karnaugh Map
Reading: 4.5, Unit 5
2
Canonical Forms
Product of Sums (conjunctive normal form, maxterm expansion). Example:
maxterms a b c f f
a+b+c

KE16403 Logic Design
Lecture 10: Logic Simplification
Learning Outcomes
At the end of the lecture, you will be able to
Obtain the minterm and maxterm form from a
truth table
Design an adder
Readings: Unit 4.3, 4.4, 4.6, 4.7
2
Minterms and Maxterms
Us

KE16403 Logic Design
Lecture 9: Boolean Algebra
Learning Outcome
At the end of the lecture you will be able to
Apply theorems and rules in Boolean algebra
Readings: Sections 2.4 2.8, Unit 3
2
Fundamental Theorems & Postulates of
Boolean Algebra
Identit

KE16403 Logic Design
Lecture 7 Power Dissipation in Logic
Gates
Learning Outcomes
At the end of the class, we will be able to
determine power dissipation in MOSFET gates:
Static Power Dissipation
Dynamic Power Dissipation
2
Why worry about energy?
How

KE16403 Logic Design
Lecture 6 Inside the Digital Gate
In this class you will learn about 2 different
models of MOSFET
The switch model
The switch-resistor model
Readings: Appendix A, MOS Logic
2
Electrical Analogy
Bulb C is ON if A AND B are ON, else

KE16403 Logic Design
Lecture 4: Digital Abstraction
Learning Outcomes
At the end of the lecture you will be able to
Explain why digital system is more tolerant to noise
Sketch the voltage transfer characteristic of a
digital device
Determine the noise

KE16403 Logic Design
Lecture 5 Combinational Logic
Outline
Three representations for combinational logic:
truth tables,
graphical (logic gates), and
algebraic equations
Relationship among the three
Readings: Roth & Kinney 2.1 2.3, 4.1 4.2
2
Combinat

KE16403 Logic Design
Lecture 14: Programmable Logic
Devices
Learning Outcomes
Use a PAL or PLA to implement logic functions.
Readings: 9.6
2
Programmable Array for SOP
Pre-fabricated building block of many AND/OR gates (or NOR,
NAND)
"Personalized" by

KE16403 Logic Design
Lecture 16: Design
Design Problem
Design a combinational circuit that counts the
coins placed into an automatic toll coin
collector. The toll is $0.10 and the machine
gives no change. When at least $0.10 are
received the go-signal is

KE16403 Logic Design
Lecture 15: Non-Gate Logic
Learning Outcomes
At the end of the lecture, you will be able to
implement logic functions using
Multiplexers
Decoders
Readings: 9.2, 9.4
2
Non-Gate Logic
Kinds of "Non-gate logic":
switching circuits

1.3.1 Importance of soil moisture
While the soil system is fundamental to the growth of living things, water is one of
the most important components of plant growth. Moisture in the soil determines
crop growth and agricultural production.
The germination

Problem Statement
Relatively low growth rate had yield to poor productivity in agriculture sector. In
order to increase the quantity of crops, the growth rate can be improved through
the light intensity absorbed by a plant needed for photosynthesis. Light

Problem Statement:
Light is an important aspect for the growth of plant. Everyone knows that plants
use light for photosynthesis. However, not all the light is required by plants for
growth. The sunlight obtained by plants can be broken into the 7 light s

KE 36103 Instrumentation and
Measurement
Mini Project
Session 2015/2016
Knock Sensor
Group Members
NAME
MATRIX NUMBER
Ramanan A/L Thangasalvam
BK13160570
Siti Nur Amira binti Azman
BK13110394
Derron Kong
BK13110088
Tan Chang Yong
BK13110413
Rededzer Daimu

Construction of The Knock Sensor Circuit:
The connection is as seen in the figure above. A breadboard is used to make the connections. The
Arduino Mega2560 is supplied with a 9V DC supply which is a 9V battery using a DC adapter. The
Arduino Mega2560 regu

Group 1: Electromagnetic Transducer
Nama
Muhammad Amirul Hadafi Bin
Abdullah
Tan Chang Yong
Ezer Rayner
Fitrieyana binti Abdullah
Nur Faraain Binti Mohd Amin
No.matric
BK13110242
BK13110413
BK13110105
BK13110122
BK13110303
Group 2: Capacitive Transducer
N

1.0 Sistem instrumentasi
Instrumentasi ialah penggunaan alat pengukur untuk memantau dan
mengawal proses. Sistem instrumentasi ialah sistem pengukuran yang
menukarkan kuantiti yang tidak diketahui tenaga kepada satu unit
berangka menggunakan instrumen. (h

KE36903 Numerical Methods
Assignment 1
Due Date: 12 October 2015
Question No. 1
The following Matlab code evaluates mean and variance, using the chop function to simulate a machine
with a precision of 6 decimal digits.
> n = length(x);
> sum1 = 0;
> sum2

ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING PROGRAM
FACULTY OF ENGINEERING
UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA SABAH
KE 26403
MICROELECTRONICS (2014/15)
Assignment 2
PREPARED BY:
Ramanan A/L Thangasalvam (BK13160570)
PREPARED FOR:
Lecturer: Dr. Khairul Anuar
Questions:
1. Consid

Faculty of Engineering
KE38403 Design Project Final Report
For
Artificial Lighting System for Indoor
Planting Using Blue and Red LED with
Optimum Light Intensity Distribution
Group 8
Student Design Team
RAMANAN A/L
THANGASAIVAM
BK1316057
0
[email protected]

KE16403 Logic Design
Lecture 12: Multi-Level Gate Circuits
Lecture Outcomes
Design a minimal multi-level circuit of AND
and OR gates
Design NAND or NOR gate circuit
Readings: Unit 7
2
Multi-level Logic Circuits
Thus far we have focused on the realizati

KE16403 Logic Design
Lecture 2: Data Representation
Learning Outcomes
At the end of the lecture, you should be able to
answer the following questions:
What do we mean by data?
How can data be represented electronically?
What number systems are often us

ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING PROGRAM
FACULTY OF ENGINEERING
UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA SABAH
KE 38201
ENGINEERING LABORATORY 5
(2015/16)
LAB 1 REPORT
TITLE:
DC Motor Load Test on DC Shunt and
Series Motor
PREPARED BY:
Ramanan A/L Thangasalvam (BK13160570)

THERMODYNAMICS ASSIGNMENT II
NAME
:
CASSANDRA YONG SZE JIN
MATRIC NO.
:
BK15110046
COURSE
:
KE07702 THERMODYNAMICS
LECTURER
:
DR. BABLU KUMAR GHOSH
DATE
:
4 DECEMBER 2016
Thermodynamics involve energy and mechanical work which requires heat exchange
throu

Measurement of Energy
Measured by means of
ENERGY METER (watt-hour-meter).
Group Member
Presentors
Ameerah
Nozita
Farzana binti Abdul Rahman
Alang
Others
Frankco
Fernando Amandos
Bradly
Virus Malitam
Fazzon
Muani
Fredcharly
Teoh
Hanlin Hanis
Mooi