(ATP )J "mu" 2,3-Eisphosphoglycerate
Figure ? Formation and decomposition of 2,3bisphosphoglycerate.
Hydrolysis of 2,3BPG is carried out by 2,3bisphosphoglycerate phosphatase. Although other cells contain
SEJARAH UNDANG-UNDANG KETERANGAN ISLAM DI MALAYSIA
Dr. Zulkifli Hasan
Fakulti Syariah dan Undang-undang
Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
Undang-undang keterangan Islam yang diamalkan di Malaysia telah mengalami proses
Kes-kes yang Didaftarkan, Dilupuskan dan
Tertunggak dari 1.4.2003 hingga 30.6.2004
27 KANUN (1)
Di Manakah Kita dalam Pemantapan
Pentadbiran Keadilan Jenayah Syariah?
DI MANAKAH KITA DALAM PEMANTAPAN
PENTADBIRAN KEADILAN JENAYAH SYARIAH?
(Where are we in Consolidating the Administration of Shariah Criminal
Jurnal Fiqh, No. 6 (2009) 1-20
Journal of Fiqh, No. 6 (2009) 1-20
Islam di Malaysia: Satu Penilaian
Abdul Monir Yaacob*
This article elaborates the implementation of Islamic
law in Malaysia. It includes, inter alia, the
5 Nutrients for Heart Health
Taking care of your heart is deliciously simple! Eat your way to a healthier heart with our list of heart smart nutrients and the fantastic foods that they can be found in.
Chicken and broccoliCoQ10: Coenzyme Q10 is a potent h
Eating any single food will not prevent or treat cancer, however there is plenty of scientific evidence showing that what you consume over a lifetime can increase or decrease your overall cancer risk. Studies have found that consuming a large amount of re
Biochemistry of Metabolism
Copyright 1998-2007 by Joyce J. Diwan.
All rights reserved.
6 CH OPO 2
Glycolysis takes place in the cytosol of cells.
Glucose enters the Glycolysis pathway by
Reactions of Glycolysis
Most of the details of this pathway (the rst metabolic pathway to be elucidated were worked out in the rst half of the lth
century by the German biochemists Otto 1II'IIarburg, G. Embden, and O. Meyerhof. In fact, the sequence of re
wuy DOUG: wank.3: UIIICICIII IEHJLTIIICD UI IICAUhIIIDC, can" CAIIIU'IIIIIH wlllclll UIIICICIII hIIIC-lh PIUPCIIED.
The animal enzyme is allosterically inhibited by the product: giucose-phosphate. High levels of glucoseGphosphate
inhibit hexokinase activi
Published July 6, 2(112 | By Dr. l-lamrata Cl'lhabfa
0.1- In mammals. glucose is the only fuel that the brain uses under non starvation conditions and the only fuel
that red blood cells can use at all. There are many carbohydrates. Why is glucose instead
ule peruose phosphate pathway, unrcogeuests, allu grycogeuorysts triguremj.
Reaction 2: Phosphoglucoisomerase Catalyzes the lsomerization of Glucose-E-Phosphate
The second step in glycolysis is a common type of metabolic reaction: the isomerization ofa su
Reaction 1' : Phosphoglyoerate Kinase
The enzyme phosphoglyoerate kinase transfers a phosphoryl group trom 1,3bisphosphoglycerate to ADP to form an ATP
cfw_FigureT. Because each glucose molecule sends two molecules of glyceraldehydeSphosphate into the sec
Glucokinase oocurs in cells in the liver, pancreas, gut, and brain of humans and most other vertebrates. In each of these
organs it plays an important role in the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism by acting as a glucose sensor, triggering
shifts in me
Figure1 showing the phosphorylation of Glucose to GIuooseG Phosphate catalyzed by Hexokinase
The incorporation of a phosphate into glucose in this energetically favourable reaction is important for several reasons.
First, phosphorylation keeps the subs
The Second Phase cfw_If GIYCDIYSiS
The second half of the glycolytic pathway invohres the reactions that convert the metabolic energy in the glucose molecule
Reaction 6: Gcheraldehyde-a-Phosphate Dehydrogenase
In the rst glycolytic reaction to i
Answer- Glycolysis is the stepwise degradation of glucose (and other simple sugars. Glyoolysis is a paradigm of
metabolic pathways. Carried out in the cytosol of cells, it is unique, in that it can function either aerobically or anaerobically,
Skin tags, moles, warts, age spots and blackheads are only a part of more than 3000 skin problems that occur to people every day.
When there is a change of the texture or the color of the skin Infection, allergic reactions and inflammation can appear on a
6 Muscle Building and Recovery Foods
Woman's back in the fitness room.Research has shown that athletes have greater protein requirements than the general population to meet muscle growth and recovery needs. High quality protein sources rich in essential a
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Enlarged open pores on face can make yo
Properties of liquids
Properties of solids
Attractive forces between liquid molecules are stronger
than gas but weaker than solid.
Force that exists between the liquid molecu
(Salt & Buffer Solution)
Ka & Kb
Types of Salt
Acid Base Titration
Many substances behave as weak bases in water.
Weak bases rea
Empirical & Molecular formula
A chemical formula is comprised of element symbols and
numerical subscripts that show the type and number of
each atom present
THE GASEOUS STATE
6.2 KINETIC MOLECULAR THEORY
6.3 GAS PRESSURE
6.4 THE IDEAL GAS LAW
6.5 GASES IN REACTION STOICHIOMETRY
6.7 GRAHAMS LAW OF EFFUSION AND
6.8 REAL GASES
Ecology- The study of interaction between
organisms and their environment.
The environment of any organism includes
biotic and abiotic components.
Biotic Components- Living components (all
Convention on Biological Diversity. Text and
Annexes. Montreal Canada.
Biodiversity in Malaysia. 2006.
The variability among living organisms from all
sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine
and other aquatic