1.2 : Bacteria
Pn. Rinani Shima Abd Rashid
After completing this topic student should be able:
State the important morphology, the physiology and the
important group of bacteria for food bacteriology
Bacteria are prokaryotes
Lab Report Process Heat Transfer (CLB 21003)
RADIATION HEAT TRANSFER
Radiation is the energy emitted by matter in the form of electromagnetic waves (or
photons) as a result of the changes in the electronic configurations of the atoms or
The objective of the gaseous diffusion experiment is to determine the gas
diffusion coefficient of acetone using the Winkelmanns method. In this experiment,
the volatile liquid is heated until it evaporated into free air stream. The rate of
It is concluded that the experiment was successful in using benedict test
and iodine test. Benedict test is used to detect the presence of reducing sugar
such as glucose , fructose and lactose. All monosacharides are reducing
sugar, they all ha
FACTORS FOR UNIT CONVERSIONS
1kg = 1000 g = 0.001 metric ton = 2.204621bm = 35.27392 oz
llbm = 16 02 = 5 x 10'4 ton = 453.593 g = 0.453593 kg
1 m = 100 cm = 1000mm = 106 microns (pm) = 1010 angstroms (.31)
= 39.37 in. = 3.2808 ft = 1.093
Gas diffusion occurred when diffusion of vapor takes place from volatile liquid(organic
solvent) into another gas (air). This process used same concept as mass transfer where one
constituent is transported from region of higher concentration to t
a series of points, discrete or continuous, as in forming a curve or
surface, each of which represents a value of a given function. Also
called linear graph. a network of lines connecting points.
In science and engineering, a lo
In conclusion, the quality of this result need to be improve. The experiment only called for a
single run but using the data collected from others group there is one group that we can
compare result. Using the Beer Lambert Law and a calibra
EXPERIMENT NO: 3
REACTOR TEST RIG
1). To study the effect of pulse and step change inputs on the residence time distribution
(RTD) of reactor.
2). To compare the performance of single CSTR, 3 stages CSTRs and PFR.
Keywords: CSTR, P
RTD of a reactor is a characteristic of the mixing that
occurs in the chemical reactor.
It describes the amount of time that a fluid element
could spend inside the reactor.
It can be used to compare the behavior of real
reactors to their ideal models.
REACTOR TECHNOLOGY CKD 20002
LABORATORY REPORT GUIDELINES
REACTOR TECHNOLOGY (CKD 20002)
Each experimental report should contain the following items in accordance to the numbering as listed:
Please insert the LABORATORY REPORT S
Laboratory Report Submission Form
Reactor Technology (CKD 20002)
Mdm Norulakmal Nor Hadi / Miss Dahlia Roslan
From: (Student Name)
Title of experiment:
Date of experiment:
EXPERIMENT NO: 1
1) To study the liquid phase reaction kinetics in a batch reactor.
2) To study the operation of a batch reactor at different operating conditions in terms of
3) To study the effect of temp
To show that tile intensity of radiation on a surface is inversely proportional to the
square of the distance of the surface from radiation source.
To show that the intensity of radiation varies as the fourth power the source