programmed activity. This
Discuss basic program development steps.
chapter looks at several of
these programming statements as well as some additional operators. It begins by
exploring the basic step
America Confronts the
PostCold War Era
There is nothing wrong with America that cannot
be cured with what is right in America.
WILLIAM J. CLINTON, INAUGURAL, 1993
he collapse of the Soviet Union and the democratization of its client regimes
AP Calculus AB A P C a l c u l u s B C
Free-Response Questions and Solutions 1989 1997
Copyright 2003 College Entrance Examination Board. All rights reserved. College Board, Advanced Placement Program, AP, AP Vertical Teams, APCD, Pacesetter, Pre-AP, SAT,
1969 AP Calculus AB: Section I
90 MinutesNo Calculator
Note: In this examination, ln x denotes the natural logarithm of x (that is, logarithm to the base e).
Which of the following defines a function f for which f ( x)
f ( x)
ln x 2
AP Calculus AB
AP Calculus BC
Copyright 2004 College Entrance Examination Board. All rights reserved. College Board, Advanced Placement Program, AP, AP Central, AP Vertical
Teams, APCD, Pacesetter, Pre-AP, S
Study Guide for the
By Elaine Cheong
Copyright 1996,1997 Elaine Cheong
All Rights Reserved
Table of Contents
TOPICS TO STUDY
statements. We are now ready
Define classes that act like blueprints for new objects, made of
variables and methods.
Explain encapsulation and Java
to design more complex software by crea
Hardware and software work
Describe the relationship between
hardware and software.
together in a computer system
to accomplish complex tasks.
Furthermore, computer networks have changed how
objects, which is basic to
Define the difference between
primitive data and objects.
writing any program in an
object-oriented language such
as Java. We use objects to
work with character strings,
The Stormy Sixties
Let the word go forth from this time and place, to
friend and foe alike, that the torch has been
passed to a new generation of Americans.
JOHN F. KENNEDY, INAUGURAL, 1961
tration. The youngest president ever elected, he asse
Girding for War:
The North and
I consider the central idea pervading this struggle
is the necessity that is upon us, of proving that
popular government is not an absurdity. We must
settle this question now, whether in a free
The American People
Face a New Century
As our case is new, so we must think anew
and act anew. We must disenthrall ourselves,
and then we shall save our country.
ABRAHAM LINCOLN, 1862
ell beyond its two-hundredth birthday as the
It will be my intention to curb the size and
influence of the federal establishment and
to demand recognition of the distinction
between the powers granted to the federal
government and those reserved to the stat
In all my years of public life, I have
never obstructed justice. People have
got to know whether or not their
President is a crook. Well, Im not
a crook; I earned everything Ive got.
RICHARD NIXON, 1973
s the 1960s l
1945 to the Present
ing affluence, Americans in the
1940s, 1950s, and 1960s had record
numbers of babies, aspired to
ever-higher standards of living,
generously expanded the welfare
state (especially for the elderly),
The Eisenhower Era
Every warship launched, every rocket
fired signifies . . . a theft from those
who hunger and are not fed, those who
are cold and are not clothed.
DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER, APRIL 16, 1953
America in 1960 had been built during t
Franklin D. Roosevelt
and the Shadow of War
The epidemic of world lawlessness is spreading.
When an epidemic of physical disease starts to
spread, the community approves and joins in a
quarantine of the patients in order to protect
World War II
Never before have we had so little time in which
to do so much.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT, 1942
game of conquest would be up. Meanwhile, just enough
American strength would be sent to the Pacific to prevent Japan from dig
The Great Depression
and the New Deal
The country needs and . . . demands bold,
persistent experimentation. It is common
sense to take a method and try it. If it
fails, admit it frankly and try another.
But above all, try something.
The Politics of
Boom and Bust
We in America today are nearer to the final
triumph over poverty than ever before in the
history of any land. We have not yet reached
the goalbut . . . we shall soon, with the help
of God, be in sight of the day w
of Civil War
My paramount object in this struggle is to save the
Union, and is not either to save or to destroy slavery.
ABRAHAM LINCOLN, 1862
of 1861. It was ill-prepared for batt
Empire and Expansion
We assert that no nation can long endure half
republic and half empire, and we warn the
American people that imperialism abroad will
lead quickly and inevitably to despot
to the City
What shall we do with our great cities? What
will our great cities do with us . . . ? [T]he
question . . . does not concern the city alone.
The whole country is affe
With malice toward none, with charity for all,
with firmness in the right as God gives us to see
the right, let us strive on to finish the work we
are in, to bind