Lecture 1 Notes: Saitos Discovery
1. Saito's Discovery (1989) evidence used for a widely accepted view of scrambling
Scrambling in Japanese results from a purely optional movement operation (e.g., Fukui 1993;
Kuroda 1988; Saito 1989, 2004; Saito and Fukui
Lecture 3 Notes: The EPP
Agreement and Non-agreement Languages:
Focus, broadly conceived, is computationally equivalent to agreement.
Why is there this Agreement Focus parameter?
They originate on the same head: C
EPP and Agreement:
Lecture 4 Notes: Kinande Basics
Jelinek (1984) NLLT article:
Some languages have obligatory pronominal arguments/clitics that count as arguments of the
verbs. Full NPs are never themselves arguments - optional adjuncts of some kind.
Lecture 7 Notes: Scrambling
Scrambling is not some special rule induced by some unusual property of a
(1) Unusual properties proposed in the literature:
a. non-configurational phrase structure (Hale 1983)
b. non-forced agreement (Kuroda 1988)
Lecture 5 Notes: Advanced EPP Skills
1. Preliminary observations
Problem: the EPP does not appear to hold of VSO languages: e.g., Irish/Celtic, Greek/Romance,
Romance/Greek: no overt expletive in the VS(O)
(1) a. O Petros pandreftike tin Ilektra.
Lecture 6 Notes: Floated Numeral Quantifiers
1 Importance of QF
VP-internal subject position
(1) a. Tous les enfants ont vu
all the children have seen this movie
b. Les enfants ont tous _ vu ce film.
the children have
all seen this movie
Lecture 10 Notes: A-Chain Numeral Quantifiers
Research on A-chain in Japanese: floated numeral quantifers.
(0-1) a. Gakusei-ga
3-CLSUB sake-ACC drank
Three students drank sake.
Lecture 8 Notes: Weak Islands
Strong island: for example, relative clause (e.g., Chomsky 1977, Ross 1967)
a. * Whati do [TP you know [DP the author who [TP wrote ti ]?
b. * Why i do [TP you know [DP the man who [TP quit his job t i ]?
Lecture 9 Notes: Intervention
Intervention effects (e.g., Beck 1996, Beck and Kim 1997, Hoji 1985, Rizzi 1992,
(1) *Was glaubt niemand, wen
what believes nobody
whom Karl seen
Who does nobody believe that Karl saw?
Lecture 2 Notes: Saitos Discovery (Part 2)
When, precisely, does radical reconstruction occur?
Neeleman and Reinhart (1998): scrambling may lead to a variation in the focus potential of the
sentence. See Ishihara (2001).