Totalitarian Dictators of the 20th Century
ITALY: Benito Mussolini, the first modern totalitarian ruler
1. Socialist leader and journalist before World War I, son of a blacksmith, named for Mexican revolutionary Benito Juarez.
1. Abandoned international s
WORLD WAR 1
nationalism - because the people got more involved in politics, there was more
nationalistic pride among the people of europe. there was more competition
between the countries in various matters, & came to be known as jingoism. also
Lenins death left a power vacuum, leaving Tomsky, Rykov, Stalin, Trotsky,
Kamenev and Zinoviev as possible successors.
Stalin + Zinoviev + Kamenev = Triuumvirate, vs. Trotsky.
Then Stalin + Bukharin + right wingers vs Zinoview Kamenev Trotsky
Strengths and Weaknesses of Treaty of Versailles
1. Despite Woodrow Wilson's plan for peace near the end of World War I, he failed to gain
Congressional support for the Treaty of Versailles. The Treaty of Versailles was intended to be a
Lenins long term aims:
Create a communist state w/ state control of industry & trade.
Nationalization of land
Ending of class barriers and the establishment of a republic of workers, peasants, and soldiers deputies with a gradual
Stalins USSR and Hitlers Germany
leadership of Stalin.
Council of 7 people led by Stalin
who had a close knit group of
OUTCOMES OF 1917 REVOLUTION:
Then Rodzianko told the tsar that he should make major concessions. The tsar
refused and dissolved the committee. Some people remained, and became the
provisional committee, the first sign of a constitutional defiance of the t
Nicholas II (1891-1917)
o He was still being taught by Pobedonostsev, Chief Minister 18811905.
Nicholas IIs first few years were basically a continuation of Alexander IIIs
policies. He adopted the idea of conservatism and had the intent of strengthening
Bacons Russia and Soviet Union 1905 to 1941 Review
Long-term causes of the Russian Revolution
The Romanov dynasty had lasted 300 years, but Nicholas II - who ascended the throne in 1894
turned out to be the last tsar of Russia.
How did such an ancient mon
The Bolshevik revolution. Red Guards went to the winter palace. Instead of
facing harsh opposition, the Cossacks walked off. The red guards just entered.
There was remarkably little fighting from 25-27 october. A pro-bolshevik ship, t
The Cold War: 1945-1991
Truman/John Foster Dulles
BOLSHEVIK CIVIL WAR
Foreign countries didn't like that Russia backed out. France was unhappy
because now all the debts are void. Furthermore, western countries feared that
the revolution would spread. So, they helped send in troops to aid the whites
Bacons Road to WWII Review
Hitler's aims and actions
In January 1933, Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany. He immediately began to challenge
the Treaty of Versailles and adapt an aggressive foreign policy, which ended in war.
So, it seems obvious that H
Bacons Germany and Hitler 1919-1939 Review
Weimar - strengths and weaknesses
After Germany lost the First World War, the Kaiser fled and a new democratic government of
Germany was declared in February 1919 at the small town of Weimar. It was too dangerous
Bacons League of Nations Review
Aims, organizations and powers
The Covenant of the League of Nations was built into the Treaty of Versailles at the end of the
First World War. The League was Wilson's dream for a new world order - a new way of
Bacons Causes of the Cold War Review
Ideological differences - Stalin vs Truman
During the Second World War, the USA and the USSR had co-operated because they needed
each other to defeat Hitler. President Roosevelt of America had got on well with Joseph S
Bacons Guide to ANALYZING DOCUMENTS
Ask yourself these questions.
1. Who created the source and why? Was it created through a spur-of-the-moment act, a
routine transaction, or a thoughtful, deliberate process?
2. Did the r
Bacons Causes of WWI Review
Long-term underlying causes of war
On 28 June 1914, a Serbian shot an Austrian. Within six weeks, many of the countries of
Europe had become involved in a war that was to cause the deaths of 10 million soldiers.
Although the as
Woodrow Wilson, American President, believed that the war was caused by three major
Alexander II (1855-1881)
Was quite liberal until the assassination attempt of 1866 by the Peoples
Lots of reforms, perhaps to strengthen autocracy
His reforms could have been motivated by military advancements.
The Crimean war exposed to backwardness
Bacons Beginnings of the Cold War IB questions and outlines
An unnatural alliance that was bound to fall apart after the defeat of the common enemy. To what
extent does this statement explain the origin of the Cold War?
The unnatural alliance between the