Chapter One: Intro Social Psychology
Social Influence- The effect that the words, actions, or mere presence of other people
have on our thoughts, feelings, attitudes or behavior.
o Influenced by family, friends, campaigns, social media, our environment an
November 20th, 2012
Aggression and its Causes
Our textbook states, [according to] social psychologists, [an] aggressive action is [an]
intentional behavior aimed at causing either physical or psycho
Chapter Eleven: Pro-Social Behavior
Pro-Social Behavior- Any act performed with the goal of benefiting another person
Altruism- The desire to help another person even if it involves a cost to the helper
Evolutionary Psychology & Altruism
o Kin Selection-
Chapter 10: Interpersonal Attraction
What Causes Attraction
o Propinquity Effect- Finding that the more we see and interact with people, the
more likely they are to become our friends
More available if people are closer
Lower cost and effort involved to
Chapter Nine: Group Processes-Influence in Social Groups
Group- Three or more people who interact and are interdependent in the sense that their
needs and goals cause them to influence each other.
o Why Join Groups
Fulfills the basic need to belong
Chapter Eight: Conformity-Influencing Behavior
o Conducted a series of now classic studies explaining the power of normative
o Important experiment with conformity
Conformity- A change in ones behavior due to the real or ima
Chapter Seven: Attitudes and Attitude Changes
Attitudes- Evaluations of people, objects, and ideas.
o Where do attitudes come from?
Cognitive Component- An attitude based primarily on peoples beliefs
about the properties of an attitude object. (Facts)
Chapter Six: Need to Justify Our Actions
We try to maintain a stable positive self-image when we justify our actions.
Cognitive Dissonance- A feeling of discomfort, caused by holding two or more
inconsistent cognitions and performing an action that goes a
Chapter 5: The Self
Self-Concept- The content of the self; our knowledge about who we are.
Self-Awareness-The act of thinking about ourselves
o Our identity of ourselves starts very early, six months
The self is composed of our thoughts and beliefs about
Chapter 4: Social Perception
Social Perception- The study of how we form impressions or and make inferences about
How we communicate with others
o Nonverbal communication- How people communicate without words; nonverbal
Chapter Three: Social Cognition
Social Cognition-How people think about themselves and the social world, or more
specifically, how people select, interpret, remember, and use social information to make
judgments and decisions.
o Two Types: Automatic Think
Chapter Two: Methodology
Social psychology is a scientific discipline with a well-developed set of methods to
answer questions about social behavior.
Hindsight Bias- The tendency for people to exaggerate how much they could have
predicted an outcome after