Plausible: believable; accept the premise as true until I find a reason to reject it
Implausible: not believable =/= unbelievable; reject the premise until I find reasons to accept it
Pass the Reasoning Test:
Strong: very likely to be true
How are each of these terms defined in chapter 3, sections 1-5?
Evaluation (of an argument)
Sound (convincing, good): If the argument passes both the premise and the reasoning test
Unsound (unconvincing, bad): If the argument fa
Name of the Test
Are the premises
Arguments that Fail
At least one false
premises; must be
100% true in order to
-Is the conclusion
PHI 10: Critical Thinking
Inductive: not sound or validity but have strength (strong or weak)
Deductive: sound or unsound; valid or invalid
1. What kind of argument is it?
2. How convincing is the argument on its face value?
3. Does it pass the true test?
The good will desire/intention to do what is right only thing that is unconditionally good ->
ex intelligence (good but not unconditionally good)
- good in of itself, we recognize it to be good, most valuable thing we have
- Ordinary moral reason
Morality (what is right and what is wrong)
No universal truth because of competing ideas
Consequences for no universal moral truth
1. We cant say things are wrong/ there is no independent moral standard
2. No moral progress- cant make ju