Chapter 11 Review Questions
List the 2 major components of the human nervous system.
1. The central nervous system (CNS), which includes the brain and spinal cord
2. The peripheral nervous system (PNS) comprised of cranial and spinal nerves
List the 2 par
HS 320 Study Guide Chapter 7
1. Give examples of performance tests that measure anaerobic power and capacity of the
immediate energy system
Jumping Power Test
o Jump-and-reach test scores = max standing reach max jump-and-touch height
o Broad jump = hori
HS 320 Study Guide Chapter 9
1. know lung anatomy and mechanics of ventilation
o Surface between blood and external environment
o Volume varies from 4 to 6 L
o Exceptionally large surface area for gas exchange
o Right lung
3 lobes (horizontal and
Chapter 10 Review Questions
1. What 5 functions does the circulatory system serve during physical activity?
1. Delivers oxygen to active tissues
2. Aerates blood return to the lungs
3. Transports heat, a by-product of cellular metabolism, from the bodys c
Macronutrients: Part 1
Carbohydrate, lipid, and protein
nutrients provide the energy necessary
to maintain bodily functions during rest
and diverse physical activity
Food Energy and Optimum
Nutrition for Exercise
A measurement of food energy
Expressed as a kilocalorie (kCal),
1 kCal is defined as the heat required
to raise one kilogram of water by one
Ex: 2000 kCal = equivalent
Nutritional and Pharmacologic
Aids to Performance
Include substances and procedures
believed to improve physical work
capacity, physiologic function, and
Proper means to evaluate ergogeni
List the 3 types of carbohydrates.
1. Monosaccharides (glucose and fructose)
2. Disaccharides (two monosaccharides as in sucrose, lactose, and maltose)
3. Polysaccharides, which contain three or more simple sugars to form plant starch and fiber
Of the 3 macronutrients, which one has the highest digestive efficiency?
In general, do athletes require different nutrients in different quantities than nonathletes? Discuss.
Considering the total body of scientific evidence, phys
Briefly describe the ergogenic benefits of creatine ingestion.
Ingesting creatine increases PCr levels. Due to limited amounts of intramuscular PCr, it
seems plausible that any increase in PCr availability should improve repetitive
Describe the difference between kinetic and potential energy.
Kinetic energy: Releasing potential energy transforms the basic ingredient into kinetic
energy of motion.
Potential energy: Potential energy is shown as energy of position. Other exam
Chapter 9 Review Questions
1. Define pulmonary ventilation.
Pulmonary ventilation describes how ambient atmospheric air moves into and exchanges
with air in the lungs.
2. List 2 functions of the ventilatory system.
Any 2 of the following are correct:
Chapter 10 Review Questions
1. List the 3 major components of the peripheral vasculature.
2. The myocardium consists of what type of muscle
The myocardium consists of striated muscle.
3. Describe gene
HS 320 Study Guide Chapter 8
1. What determines your TDEE?
TDEE = total daily energy expenditure
1. Resting metabolic rate
a. Basal and sleeping conditions plus the added energy cost of arousal
2. Thermogenic influence of consumed food
3. Energy expended