Nutrition: Making it Work for You
What is nutrition and why is it so important?
Nutrition: The science that studies food and how food nourishes our body and influences our health (how we consume,
digest, metabolize, store nutrients and how the
What are Fats?
Fats are just one form of a much larger and more diverse group of substances called lipids that are
distinguished by the fact they are insoluble in water
Lipids are found in living things, including plants, animals, and human beings
Carbohydrates: Plant-Derived Energy Nutrients
What are carbohydrates?
Carbohydrates: One of the three macronutrients, a compound made up of carbon, hydrogen and
oxygen. It is derived from plants provides energy.
The term literally means, hydra
Chapter 6 Notes:
A diet free of animal protein can be healthful and safe, but it should be supplemented periodically with
B12 by mouth or by injection
What are Vitamins?
Vitamins are compounds that contain carbon and are essential in regulating our bodys
Proteins: Crucial Components of All Body Tissues
What are proteins?
Proteins: Large, complex molecules made up of amino acids found as essential components of all living
They are critical components of all tissues of the human bodyinclu
The Human Body: Are We Really What We Eat?
Why do we eat what we want to eat?
Two mechanisms prompt us to seek food:
1. Hunger: A physiologic sensation that prompts us to eat.
This drive is nonspecific.
2. Appetite: A physiological desire to c
Chapter 8: Fluid balance, water, and alcohol
Hyponatremia: too little sodium in the blood
Hyponatremia usually occurs from water intoxication
What are fluids and what are their functions?
A fluid is a substance characterized by its ability to move freely
Minerals: Building and Moving Our Body
What are minerals?
Minerals: Solid, crystalline substances that do not contain carbon and are not changed by natural
processes, including digestion.
Cannot be created or destroyed by any natural meansheat
Nutrition Throughout the Life Cycle
Starting out right: healthful nutrition in pregnancy.
From conception through infancy, adequate nutrition is essential for tissue formation and growth,
including neurologic development
Our ability to reach
Chapter 10: Nutrition and Physical Activity: Keys to Good Health
Why engage in physical activity?
Physical activity describes any movement produced by muscles that increases energy
Different categories of physical activity include occupational
Achieving and Maintaining a Healthful Weight
Is your body weight healthful?
Understand what a healthful body weight really is.
Healthful weight can be defined as:
o A weight that is appropriate for your age and physical development
o A weight t