How to Answer Philosophy Questions
Liam Shields: l.p.shields@warwick.ac.uk
A Good Introduction
State the answer you will give up-front. This is not a murder mystery novel!
Give an unequivocal answer. Do not just list objections or conclude maybe, maybe
1
a)
VI(P Q) = 1
iff V1(P Q) = 0
iff V1(P Q) = 1
iff I(P) = 1 or I(Q) = 1
b)
V1(A A) = 1
iff V1(A A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A) = 1
iff I(A) = 1 and I(A) = 0
c)
V1(A B) A) = 1
iff V1(A B) A) = 0
iff V1(A B) = 0 and I(A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A B) = 1
if
1
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
False, as the set can entail a conclusion that has a truth value dependent on the premises.
False, as the set of inconsistent premises can entail any conclusion
False, as the set of inconsistent premises can entail any conclusion
Fa
1
a)
VI(P Q) = 1
iff V1(P Q) = 0
iff V1(P Q) = 1
iff I(P) = 1 or I(Q) = 1
b)
V1(A A) = 1
iff V1(A A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A) = 1
iff I(A) = 1 and I(A) = 0
c)
V1(A B) A) = 1
iff V1(A B) A) = 0
iff V1(A B) = 0 and I(A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A B) = 1
if
1
a)
VI(P Q) = 1
iff V1(P Q) = 0
iff V1(P Q) = 1
iff I(P) = 1 or I(Q) = 1
b)
V1(A A) = 1
iff V1(A A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A) = 1
iff I(A) = 1 and I(A) = 0
c)
V1(A B) A) = 1
iff V1(A B) A) = 0
iff V1(A B) = 0 and I(A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A B) = 1
if
1
a)
VI(P Q) = 1
iff V1(P Q) = 0
iff V1(P Q) = 1
iff I(P) = 1 or I(Q) = 1
b)
V1(A A) = 1
iff V1(A A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A) = 1
iff I(A) = 1 and I(A) = 0
c)
V1(A B) A) = 1
iff V1(A B) A) = 0
iff V1(A B) = 0 and I(A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A B) = 1
if
1
a)
VI(P Q) = 1
iff V1(P Q) = 0
iff V1(P Q) = 1
iff I(P) = 1 or I(Q) = 1
b)
V1(A A) = 1
iff V1(A A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A) = 1
iff I(A) = 1 and I(A) = 0
c)
V1(A B) A) = 1
iff V1(A B) A) = 0
iff V1(A B) = 0 and I(A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A B) = 1
if
1
a)
VI(P Q) = 1
iff V1(P Q) = 0
iff V1(P Q) = 1
iff I(P) = 1 or I(Q) = 1
b)
V1(A A) = 1
iff V1(A A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A) = 1
iff I(A) = 1 and I(A) = 0
c)
V1(A B) A) = 1
iff V1(A B) A) = 0
iff V1(A B) = 0 and I(A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A B) = 1
if
1
a)
VI(P Q) = 1
iff V1(P Q) = 0
iff V1(P Q) = 1
iff I(P) = 1 or I(Q) = 1
b)
V1(A A) = 1
iff V1(A A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A) = 1
iff I(A) = 1 and I(A) = 0
c)
V1(A B) A) = 1
iff V1(A B) A) = 0
iff V1(A B) = 0 and I(A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A B) = 1
if
1
a)
VI(P Q) = 1
iff V1(P Q) = 0
iff V1(P Q) = 1
iff I(P) = 1 or I(Q) = 1
b)
V1(A A) = 1
iff V1(A A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A) = 1
iff I(A) = 1 and I(A) = 0
c)
V1(A B) A) = 1
iff V1(A B) A) = 0
iff V1(A B) = 0 and I(A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A B) = 1
if
1
a)
VI(P Q) = 1
iff V1(P Q) = 0
iff V1(P Q) = 1
iff I(P) = 1 or I(Q) = 1
b)
V1(A A) = 1
iff V1(A A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A) = 1
iff I(A) = 1 and I(A) = 0
c)
V1(A B) A) = 1
iff V1(A B) A) = 0
iff V1(A B) = 0 and I(A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A B) = 1
if
1
a)
VI(P Q) = 1
iff V1(P Q) = 0
iff V1(P Q) = 1
iff I(P) = 1 or I(Q) = 1
b)
V1(A A) = 1
iff V1(A A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A) = 1
iff I(A) = 1 and I(A) = 0
c)
V1(A B) A) = 1
iff V1(A B) A) = 0
iff V1(A B) = 0 and I(A) = 0
iff I(A) = 0 and V1(A B) = 1
if
Rabiya Salim
PHL/MGT 248
Midterm Essay
23 October 2011
The discovery of different medicinal plants around the world is essential for the
advancement of medical treatments in the modern world. A medicinal plant is being tested by
biologist Ramiro Royero in
Rabiya Salim
PHL/MGT 248
Midterm Essay
23 October 2011
The discovery of different medicinal plants around the world is essential for the
advancement of medical treatments in the modern world. A medicinal plant is being tested by
biologist Ramiro Royero in
Alex Taylor
In book two Plato says that we will assume that justice, as other virtues, in the individual
soul are similar to those in the city, and states that since the city is larger justice in it may be
easier to find. Later in book four Plato explains
Alex Taylor
Aristotle describes Socratess opinion, which is the same as Platos. He says that
according to Socrates one only acts in accordance to what one thinks to be best at the time. This
statement is supported and elaborated on in Platos Theatetus. In