Business Economics
Project 1: Situation A
Instructor : Hughes, Thomas
Submitted by: Zakia Sultana
Demand determination:
Demand for Physician Services One of the challenging project. It requires the
changes in technology. New developments might occur and
182 THE PARTICLE FILTER
Solution:
The likelihoods are proportional to
92‘. = P [a I y" c MELll
: par” (17 (xiii?)
The term in parentheses in the above expression is equal to —3, 0, 1, 0, 3 for the
ﬁve particles. The pdf of we at these values is equal to
1/10/06 2:04 PM C:\Dan\CSU\Book\Problems\Prob\Uniform.m l of 1
function Uniform(N)
0W
Optimal State Estimation Solution Manual, by Dan Simon
Problem 2.15
0\°
:1\D
Plot a histogram of uniformly distributed random numbers.
INPUT: N = number of random numb
184 THE PARTlCLE FILTER
13(234 < —2)
max (0,0;63)
0—3
' 0.
max( 4 26 )
If c > 3 the probability that at least one roughened particle is less than —2 is equal
to
2 2
c—l (:72 c—3
P . r2 = — — _ a .
(at least one < ) 1 (1 2C ) (1 26 > (1 2C ) (c>3)
The ab
1/10/06 2:0l PM C:\Dan\CSU\Book\Problems\Linear\Rocket.m
function Rocket(ControlMag)
% Optimal State Estimation Solution Manual, by Dan Simon
% Problem 1.19
% Hovering rocket simulation to show the effects of linearization.
% Close all figures.
close all;
186 THE PARTICLE FlLTER
ﬁ [la—llZQiFZH]
: ﬁlm—limp]
cm
a
,u
ll
The sample variance of the auxiliary probabilities is
1
‘2
g f _ W,#]
I
2
I
H
l—"'—‘
D
II
)3
2

5
74
D
l
S
:9
i.
l
S?
E
M
ll
5:
[V
A
2
N C:
F“
53
l
._.
\_/
[Q
A
Q
a
l
—H
._
V
N
ll
ll
/
1/10/06 1:59 PM C:\Dan\CSU\Book\Problems\Linear\MotorProb.m 1 of 1
W
function MotorProb{dt)
c\“
Optimal State Estimation Solution Manual, by Dan Simon
Problem 1.17
o\U
Twostate DC motor simulation — rectangular integration.
INPUT: dt : integration step
8. What the alternative courses of action?
42. An elected State Auditor, employed by the State, would NOT be considered independent when
auditing which of the following entities?
1.
2.
3.
4.
A component unit of the State.
An agency of the State.
The offic
EXAMPLE
4
Inventory
A company knows that the demand for its product during each of the next four months
will be as follows: month 1, 1 unit; month 2, 3 units; month 3, 2 units; month 4, 4 units.
At the beginning of each month, the company must determine h
TA B L E
1
Moves in the CupandMilk Problem
No. of Ounces
in 9oz Cup
6
6
9
0
1
1
5
5
9
0
Solution
No. of Ounces
in 4oz Cup
0
4
1
1
0
4
0
4
0
0
By starting near the end of the problem, I cleverly realize that the problem can easily be
solved if I can so
Chemistry 14D Lecture 1
Fall 2012
Final Exam Part A
Page 5
15. (10) Circle the major product of the following reaction, and write a mechanism for its formation.
Ph
O
+
Ph
CH3OH
O
H
Ph
Ph
NaOH
Ph
or
Ph
Ph
or
O
Ph
O
sh is
ar stu
ed d
vi y re
aC s
ou
ou rc
r
Kansas City
5
680
Columbus
2
580
610
790
550
790
New York
1
900
Nashville
3
Stage 1
760
Denver
8
1,030
540
Los Angeles
10
Omaha
6
Stage 5
940
660
770
1,050 790
510
1,390
San Antonio
9
Stage 4
270
700
FIGURE
1
Louisville
4
Joes Trip Across the
United State
B. rRNA evolves very slowly and is
highly conserved so the differences
between rRNA of separate species
are very slight, and is not useful in
determining more detailed
relationships among closely related
species.
sh
reduces to the following: Suppose the shortest path (call it R) from city 1 to city 10 is
known to pass through city i. Then the portion of R that goes from city i to city 10 must
be a shortest path from city i to city 10. If this were not the case, then
geles passes through New York, Columbus, Kansas City, Denver, and Los Angeles. This
path has a length of f1(1) 2,870 miles.
Computational Efciency of Dynamic Programming
For Example 3, it would have been an easy matter to determine the shortest path from
Midterm 1 BIS 2C Dehesh and Keen Fall 2013
Short Answer 4.
Consider the taxoncharacter matrix below. It shows six characters for four taxa.
The data are aligned amino acids of the cytochrome C gene.
Taxa
C1
G
G
G
G
Horse
Snake
Yeast
Rice
C2
V
V
A
N
Chara
Lab  Using Wireshark to Examine FTP and TFTP Captures
Notice that the return UDP datagram has a different UDP source port, but this source port is used for the
remainder of the TFTP transfer. Because there is no reliable connection, only the original sou
CS4111 Section 1  Midterm Solutions
Problem 1  Graded by Sidharth
1. Candidate key:It is minimal set of attributes whose values uniquely identify an entity in the set.
2. Weak Entity:An entity which can be uniquely identified only by considering some of
115
110
A
105
X
100
B
95
C
D
90
E
85
F
G
80
75
70
8,000
9,000
10,000
11,000
12,000
Question 39
Consider the graph above. Currently (2012) the economy is in mediumrun equilibrium at point X. In 2012
the Fed announces that it will decrease the money supply
Question 34
Consider the above graph that shows an aggregate demand function for an economy that
satisfies the Keynesian assumptions. Currently Y = 50, YP = 50, and P = 100. The expenditure
multiplier equals 5. All else the same, taxes decrease by 10 unit
z = 0.5 / 0.3857142857
z =  1.296296
z =  1.30 (rounded to two decimals)
Since 1.30 > 1.48, we DO NOT REJECT Ho.
That is, at alpha = 0.07, there is NOT sufficient statistical evidence to
conclude the true mean service time is less than 15 minutes. Thu
2. Bonds and Interest Rates (10 points total)
(a) Suppose you see the following prices for $100 face value zero coupon bonds
Maturity Bond
1 year
B1
2 year
B2
Price
$96:15
$92:46
i. (3 points) What are the implied one and two year yieldtomaturities? (Qu
5. (10 points total) Binomial Pricing
Suppose a stock is currently priced at $100, and each period will go up by 40% or
down by 10%.
(a) (2 points) Draw the twoperiod tree for the stock.
$196
$140
$100
$126
$90
$81
(b) (2 points) What is the riskneutral
(d) (15 points total) Are the following statements True, False or Ambiguous?
Provide a short (one or two sentence) justication for each of your answer.
Your score will be based on your justication (i.e., a correct answer with no
or incorrect justication m
Standard Normal Cumulative Probability Table
Cumulative probabilities for POSITIVE zvalues are shown in the following table:
z
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.00
0.5000
0.5398
0.5793
0.6179
0.6554
0.01
0.5040
0.5438
0.5832
0.6217
0.6591
0.02
0.5080
0.5478
0.5871
0