This class was tough.
"When we study church history, we’re reminded that the church is comprised of very fallible humans. We’ve seen that there are some bright spots along the way when God seemed to work in amazing ways—almost in spite of the church."
"Roman Catholic thinkers in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries did not all march in lockstep with the popes. William of Ockham is considered one of the more influential “scholastic theologians” of the medieval church, but he rejected the argument that Matthew 16:18-19 proved that the pope is the head of all churches. He wrote that such thinking is “contrary to the divine Scriptures and the writings of the holy Fathers.” Jesus was not affirming something new when he spoke to Peter about “the rock of the faith.” And Rome certainly can’t assert primacy over all other churches, said Ockham, because “the Roman Church was not founded at the beginning of the faith, nor did it found all the other churches. For many churches were founded before the Roman church, and many were raised up to ecclesiastical dignities even before the foundation of the Roman church.” The evidence is compelling, he insists. The pope may “in some sense” be the “key bearer of the heavenly imperium,” but the pope is “in no sense its lord.” Thus, Ockham seems to insist that any authority claimed by the church is derived from Christ alone. The pope can never claim that kind of authority as his prerogative."
Hours per week:
Advice for students:
Do not procrastinate! READ and DO all the assignments. Good luck!